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Trade Politics and Contributions in India and South Africa

Trade Politics and Contributions in India and South Africa

Chapter:
(p.187) Seven Trade Politics and Contributions in India and South Africa
Source:
Democracy and Trade Policy in Developing Countries
Author(s):
Bumba Mukherjee
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226358956.003.0007

This chapter provides a detailed case study of the politics of trade protection in India since 1991 and in South Africa after the country’s transition to democracy in 1994. These two cases are analyzed to understand how developing democracies with strong, centralized political parties balance their re-election goals with their desire to obtain campaign contributions from particularly owners of powerful import-competing industries. Careful analysis of historical evidence and time-series data on trade barriers from India and South Africa reveal that political parties in both these countries are susceptible to protectionist lobbying from owners of import-competing industries. Political parties in India and South Africa (after consolidation of democracy in South Africa) have also paid less attention to the interests of workers therein leading to a protectionist-bias in trade politics in the two countries.

Keywords:   party centralization, Congress Party, minority government, African National Congress

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