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School Choice and School Productivity: Could School Choice Be a Tide that Lifts All Boats?

School Choice and School Productivity: Could School Choice Be a Tide that Lifts All Boats?

Chapter:
(p.287) 8 School Choice and School Productivity: Could School Choice Be a Tide that Lifts All Boats?
Source:
The Economics of School Choice
Author(s):
Caroline M. Hoxby
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226355344.003.0009

This chapter investigates whether school choice can improve school productivity. It explains the economic logic which suggests that choice will affect productivity, and provides evidence on the relation between school choice and school productivity. The chapter analyzes the academic achievement and school productivity effects of three school choice reforms in the U.S.: the vouchers in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; charter schools in Michigan; and charter schools in Arizona. The analysis reveals that the schools which lost students under choice were schools that were underperforming when the choice programs were enacted.

Keywords:   school choice, school productivity, vouchers, charter schools, underperforming schools, academic achievement

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