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Schelling, the Philosophy of Nature, and Constructivism

Schelling, the Philosophy of Nature, and Constructivism

Chapter:
(p.76) Chapter 4 Schelling, the Philosophy of Nature, and Constructivism
Source:
German Idealism as Constructivism
Author(s):
Tom Rockmore
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226350073.003.0005

The fourth chapter is entitled “Schelling, the philosophy of nature, and constructivism.” Schelling, even more than Reinhold, is a protean thinker. But like Reinhold, Schelling’s relationship to German idealism remains unclear. The chapter examines Schelling’s dualistic effort, in his Fichtean phase, to supplement transcendental philosophy through philosophy of nature as well his later break with idealism following the publication of his System of Transcendental Idealism. I argue that Schelling was in a sense never a German idealist, since his Spinozistic view of identity is different from and incompatible with the idealist thesis of identity in difference.

Keywords:   Friedrich Schelling, philosophy of nature, Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, System of Transcendental Idealism, identity

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