This book argues that a second-rate and increasingly punitive juvenile justice system is allowed to persist because most people believe it is designed for children in other ethnic and socioeconomic groups. While public opinion, laws, and social policies that convey distinctions between “our children” and “their children” may seem to conflict with the American ideal of blind justice, they are hardly at odds with patterns of group differentiation and inequality that have characterized much of American history. The book provides an examination of racial and ethnic disparities in the American juvenile justice system. Here, chapters document the precise magnitude of these disparities, seek to determine their causes, and propose potential solutions. In addition to race and ethnicity, chapters also look at the effects on juvenile justice of suburban sprawl, the impact of family and neighborhood, bias in postarrest decisions, and mental health issues.