Our Children, Their ChildrenConfronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice

Our Children, Their ChildrenConfronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice

Darnell F. Hawkins and Kimberly Kempf-Leonard

Print publication date: 2013

ISBN: 9780226319889

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Abstract

This book argues that a second-rate and increasingly punitive juvenile justice system is allowed to persist because most people believe it is designed for children in other ethnic and socioeconomic groups. While public opinion, laws, and social policies that convey distinctions between “our children” and “their children” may seem to conflict with the American ideal of blind justice, they are hardly at odds with patterns of group differentiation and inequality that have characterized much of American history. The book provides an examination of racial and ethnic disparities in the American juvenile justice system. Here, chapters document the precise magnitude of these disparities, seek to determine their causes, and propose potential solutions. In addition to race and ethnicity, chapters also look at the effects on juvenile justice of suburban sprawl, the impact of family and neighborhood, bias in postarrest decisions, and mental health issues.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

1 Introduction

Darnell F. Hawkins and Kimberly Kempf-Leonard

1 Racial and Ethnic Differences in Juvenile Crime and Punishment: Past and Present

4 Degrees of Discretion

David S. Tanenhaus

2 Understanding Race Differences in Offending and the Administration of Justice

6 Suburban Sprawl, Race, and Juvenile Justice

Paul A. Jargowsky, Scott A. Desmond, and Robert D. Crutchfield

7 Race and Crime

Alex R. Piquero, Terrie E. Moffitt, and Brian Lawton

8 Explaining Assessments of Future Risk

Sara Steen, Christine E. W. Bond, George S. Bridges, and Charis E. Kubrin

9 “Justice by Geography”

Timothy M. Bray, Lisa L. Sample, and Kimberly Kempf-Leonard

3 Toward Remedial Social Policy

11 Disproportionate Minority Confinement/Contact (DMC)

Carl E. Pope and Michael J. Leiber

14 Conclusion: Our Children, Their Children

Kimberly Kempf-Leonard and Darnell F. Hawkins