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Theorizing Democracy

Theorizing Democracy

(p.328) Chapter Ten Theorizing Democracy
Alain L. Locke
University of Chicago Press

Alain L. Locke's vision deepened considerably during the first half of the 1940s. This had two major manifestations: his work on democracy and world peace, and his writings on cultural reciprocity, both of which drew heavily on his value theory. The former was concentrated when Locke delivered papers on three occasions, at the Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion, in 1941, 1943, and 1950. Here he stressed the need for a purer sense of democracy's inclusiveness that would eventually aid in promoting the possibility of universal peace while at the same time serving to defeat the forces of fascism and racism. The second focus was evident in several places, but perhaps most notably during Locke's lectures in Haiti in 1943. Cultural reciprocity supported the desired objective of increasing Pan-American understanding among the peoples of what Locke referred to as “the Three Americas.”

Keywords:   Alain L. Locke, democracy, world peace, cultural reciprocity, value theory, fascism, racism, Haiti, Three Americas

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