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Neighborhood Violence and Urban Youth

Neighborhood Violence and Urban Youth

Chapter:
(p.275) 9 Neighborhood Violence and Urban Youth
Source:
The Problems of Disadvantaged Youth
Author(s):
Anna Aizer
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226309477.003.0010

There have been numerous studies of the impact of exposure to violence on children that have linked exposure to violence with restricted emotional development, aggressive behavior, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, learning problems, and truancy. Neighborhood violence is often correlated with high rates of domestic violence and other types of disadvantage (racial, income, and parental education), which in turn has deleterious effects on child outcomes. There have been numerous studies of the impact of exposure to violence on children, with most of the research conducted by psychologists, psychiatrists, and social workers. This research has linked exposure to violence with restricted emotional development, aggressive behavior, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, learning problems, and truancy. Reducing neighborhood violence via enhanced law-enforcement policies without reducing other sources of neighborhood disadvantage may have a limited impact on the youth outcomes. Policies aimed directly at lessening the income and educational disadvantages of families may prove the most effective.

Keywords:   neighborhood violence, educational disadvantages, urban youth, child outcomes, emotional development

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