The Location Decision of New Ph.D.s Working in Industry
The objective of this chapter is to examine factors that influence the probability that a highly skilled worker will remain local or stay in the state. Specifically, the chapter measures how various individual, institutional, and geographic attributes affect the probability that new PhDs going to industry stay in the metropolitan area or state where they trained. The study focuses on PhDs who received their degree in one of ten fields in science and engineering (S&E) during the period 1997 to 1999. The chapter provides a discussion of the role new PhDs play in knowledge transfer and the role of geographic proximity in promoting the transfer. The chapter also offers a conceptual model of an individual's decision to migrate. The chapter concludes that states and local areas capture knowledge embodied in newly-minted PhDs headed to industry, but not at an overwhelming rate.
Keywords: sciences, engineering, United States, skilled workers, metropolitan areas, migration, decision making