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Patterns of Male and Female Scientific Dissemination in Public and Private Science

Patterns of Male and Female Scientific Dissemination in Public and Private Science

Chapter:
(p.195) 6 Patterns of Male and Female Scientific Dissemination in Public and Private Science
Source:
Science and Engineering Careers in the United States
Author(s):
Kjersten Bunker Whittington
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226261904.003.0007

Information on the patenting and publishing activity of scientists and engineers has long been an interest among scholars of science and technology. This chapter presents a two-part analysis to address patterns of men's and women's dissemination in patenting and publishing activities across sectors and disciplines. The first analysis uses log-linear modeling of a national sample of scientists and engineers to address the association between sex, discipline, employment sector, and involvement in scientific dissemination. The chapter tests the extent to which sex disparities in productivity are created and maintained by sorting mechanisms as well as through organizational settings after controlling for sex distributions. The second analysis explores the ways in which various organizational contexts may differentially influence men and women scientists. The chapter presents network visualizations of coinventor collaborations between life science inventors working in the academy, public research organizations, and biotechnology firms, and addresses how the structure of science within each sector may contribute to sex disparities in productivity.

Keywords:   sciences, engineering, United States, gender differences, patenting, publishing

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