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Does Science Promote Women?

Does Science Promote Women?

Evidence from Academia 1973–2001

Chapter:
(p.163) 5 Does Science Promote Women?
Source:
Science and Engineering Careers in the United States
Author(s):
Donna K. GintherShulamit Kahn
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226261904.003.0006

Fewer women are present in science academe than in the workforce as a whole, and this is particularly true in the higher levels of academe such as tenured jobs and full professorships at major research universities. This chapter begins from the point when scientists receive their PhDs and investigates gender differences as they move up the academic career ladder through the stages of getting tenure-track jobs, being granted tenure, and being promoted to full professorships. The chapter finds that in science, single women actually have an advantage over single men in obtaining tenure-track jobs and in being granted tenure after controlling for covariates, and that married men and women without children are quite similar at these two stages. Children lower the likelihood that women in science will advance up the academic job ladder beyond their early postdoctorate years. The chapter concludes that science is not homogeneous. There are particularly large gender differences in obtaining tenure-track jobs, getting tenure, and being promoted to full in the life sciences.

Keywords:   sciences, engineering, United States, gender differences, academic career

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