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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Science and Engineering Careers in the United States
Author(s):
Richard B. FreemanDaniel L. Goroff
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226261904.003.0001

This book provides new information on the economics of the postgraduate science and engineering job market, addressing topics such as the factors that determine the supply of PhDs, the career paths they follow after graduation, and the creation and use of knowledge as it is reflected by the amount of papers and patents produced. Each of the chapters gives a detailed report on the particulars of the data analyzed, the methodology used, and the findings. The chapters also explore the tensions between industry and academe in recruiting graduates, the influx of foreign-born doctorates, and the success of female doctorates. The findings illuminate some of the concerns over the science and engineering job market expressed by the various commissions and studies.

Keywords:   engineering, postgraduate science, job market, competitiveness, PhDs, career paths, patents

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