Science and Engineering Careers in the United StatesAn Analysis of Markets and Employment

Science and Engineering Careers in the United StatesAn Analysis of Markets and Employment

Richard B. Freeman and Daniel L. Goroff

Print publication date: 2013

ISBN: 9780226261898

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Abstract

Beginning in the early 2000s, there was an upsurge of national concern over the state of the science and engineering job market that sparked a plethora of studies, commission reports, and a presidential initiative, all stressing the importance of maintaining American competitiveness in these fields. This book provides an academic study to probe the issues that underlie these concerns. This volume provides new information on the economics of the postgraduate science and engineering job market, addressing such topics as the factors that determine the supply of PhDs, the career paths they follow after graduation, and the creation and use of knowledge as it is reflected by the amount of papers and patents produced. Chapters also explore the tensions between industry and academe in recruiting graduates, the influx of foreign-born doctorates, and the success of female doctorates. The book raises new questions about stimulating innovation and growth in the American economy.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Richard B. Freeman and Daniel L. Goroff

I Supply of Students and Postdoctoral Fellows to Science and Engineering

1 Supporting “The Best and Brightest” in Science and Engineering

Richard B. Freeman, Tanwin Chang, and Hanley Chiang

2 Internationalization of U.S. Doctorate Education

John Bound, Sarah Turner, and Patrick Walsh

II Careers in Changing Markets

5 Does Science Promote Women?

Donna K. Ginther and Shulamit Kahn

7 Educational Mismatch among Ph.D.s

Keith A. Bender and John S. Heywood

8 Capturing Knowledge

Albert J. Sumell, Paula E. Stephan, and James D. Adams

III Creation and Use of Knowledge

10 International Knowledge Flows

Jinyoung Kim, Sangjoon John Lee, and Gerald Marschke