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Aesthetic Consensus and Evaluative Consent

Aesthetic Consensus and Evaluative Consent

(p.100) Chapter 5 Aesthetic Consensus and Evaluative Consent
Orientation and Judgment in Hermeneutics
Rudolf A. Makkreel
University of Chicago Press

Chapter 5 explores the levels of consensus that are possible as we move from theoretical judgment to the kind of evaluative judgment involved in matters of taste. Kant allows that our cultural heritage has provided useful examples of good taste that appear worthy of imitation. However, as we advance in maturity imitation must be replaced by emulation. Instead of relying on examples to imitate we must look for exemplars to emulate. Emulation involves the use of precedents without a loss of autonomy and offers a way of making sense of historical influence hermeneutically. It allows us to distinguish between being determinantly conditioned by the past and being reflectively oriented and guided by it. The hermeneutical task of the human sciences is to allow us to recontextualize our own lived experience and life-knowledge to find access to the concerns of others even when they stand outside the sphere of our inherited commonality and we cannot readily engage them in a consensual dialogue.

Keywords:   imitation, emulation, communicability, commonality, universality, types, Kant

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