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Dialectics, Dialogue, and Communication

Dialectics, Dialogue, and Communication

(p.34) Chapter 2 Dialectics, Dialogue, and Communication
Orientation and Judgment in Hermeneutics
Rudolf A. Makkreel
University of Chicago Press

Gadamer’s hermeneutics is examined first for its differences with Dilthey and then for its similarities with Hegel’s views on interpretation and dialectics. Both Dilthey and Gadamer test their hermeneutical stance by how it can illuminate the significance of the arts. Gadamer’s claim that Dilthey’s uses lived experience to produce a subjective state of simultaneity with a past work is rejected, as is his proposed alternative to make the work contemporaneous with us. Understanding need not aim at coincidence with the work--whether in terms of simultaneity or contemporaneity. The aim of understanding is to grasp what is distinctive about a work. The approaches to history proposed by Hegel and Gadamer have played a constructive role in enriching the idea of universal hermeneutics. But their theories of dialectical conceptual reconciliation and a dialogic linguistic community do not fully address the multicultural diversity of contemporary life.

Keywords:   Dilthey, Gadamer, Hegel, dialogue, dialectics, arts, aesthetics, tradition

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