Serengeti IVSustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system

Serengeti IVSustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system

Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Kristine L. Metzger, Simon A. R. Mduma, and John M. Fryxell

Print publication date: 2015

ISBN: 9780226195834

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Abstract

For many, the vast savannas of the Serengeti and its incredible inhabitants, from the lions to the Maasai, conjure impressions of a harmonious and balanced ecosystem. But in reality, the history of the Serengeti is rife with battles between humans and nature. The 1920s filled the grasslands with tourists armed with the world’s most expensive hunting gear, Rinderpest (vanquished in 2011) in the 1880s and several times since destroyed populations of ungulates and the humans and other animals that depended on them. And in recent years, violence in Tanzania has threatened one of the most successful long-term ecological studies in history, the Serengeti Research Institute. An exploration of the role of our species as a source of both discord and balance in Serengeti ecosystem dynamics, through chapters charting the complexities of infectious disease transmission across populations, agricultural expansion, and the many challenges of managing this ecosystem today, this book shows how the people and landscapes surrounding crucial protected areas like Serengeti National Park can and must contribute to Serengeti conservation. In order to succeed, conservation efforts must also focus on the welfare of indigenous peoples, allowing them both to sustain their agricultural practices and to benefit from the natural resources provided by protected areas—an undertaking that will require the strengthening of government and education systems and, as such, will present one of the greatest conservation challenges of the next century.

Table of Contents

One Conservation in a Human-Dominated World

Anthony R. E. Sinclair and Andy Dobson

Two Shaping the Serengeti Ecosystem

Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Andy Dobson, Simon A. R. Mduma, and Kristine L. Metzger

Part I Natural Sources of Heterogeneity and Disturbance

Three Scales of Change in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem

Kristine L. Metzger, Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Sandy Macfarlane, Michael Coughenour, and Junyan Ding

Four Fire in the Serengeti Ecosystem

Stephanie Eby, Jan Dempewolf, Ricardo M. Holdo, and Kristine L. Metzger

Five Spatial and Temporal Drivers of Plant Structure and Diversity in Serengeti Savannas

T. Michael Anderson, John Bukombe, and Kristine L. Metzger

Six Why Are Wildebeest the Most Abundant Herbivore in the Serengeti Ecosystem?

J. Grant C. Hopcraft, Ricardo M. Holdo, Ephraim Mwangomo, Simon A. R. Mduma, Simon J. Thirgood, Markus Borner, John M. Fryxell, Han Olff, and Anthony R. E. Sinclair

Seven Climate-Induced Effects on the Serengeti Mammalian Food Web

John M. Fryxell, Kristine L. Metzger, Craig Packer, Anthony R. E. Sinclair, and Simon A. R. Mduma

Part II Response of Biodiversity to Disturbance

Eight From Bacteria to Elephants

Louis V. Verchot, Naomi L. Ward, Jayne Belnap, Deborah Bossio, Michael Coughenour, John Gibson, Olivier Hanotte, Andrew N. Muchiru, Susan L. Phillips, Blaire Steven, Diana H. Wall, and Robin S. Reid

Nine Biodiversity and the Dynamics of Riverine Forests in Serengeti

Roy Turkington, Gregory Sharam, and Anthony R. E. Sinclair

Ten Invertebrates of the Serengeti

Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann, Robert F. Foster, Ally K. Nkwabi, Kristine L. Metzger, Andrew W. Harvey, and Anthony R. E. Sinclair

Eleven The Butterflies of Serengeti

Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Ally K. Nkwabi, and Kristine L. Metzger

Twelve Small Mammal Diversity and Population Dynamics in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem

Andrea E. Byrom, Wendy A. Ruscoe, Ally K. Nkwabi, Kristine L. Metzger, Guy J. Forrester, Meggan E. Craft, Sarah M. Durant, Stephen Makacha, John Bukombe, John Mchetto, Simon A. R. Mduma, Denne N. Reed, Katie Hampson, and Anthony R. E. Sinclair

Thirteen Bird Diversity of the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem

Jill E. Jankowski, Anthony R. E. Sinclair, and Kristine L. Metzger

Fourteen The Effect of Natural Disturbances on the Avian Community of the Serengeti Woodlands

Ally K. Nkwabi, Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Kristine L. Metzger, and Simon A. R. Mduma

Fifteen Carnivore Communities in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem

Meggan E. Craft, Katie Hampson, Joseph O. Ogutu, and Sarah M. Durant

Part III The Human Ecosystem and Its Response to Disturbance

Sixteen The Plight of the People

Eli J. Knapp, Dennis Rentsch, Jennifer Schmitt, and Linda M. Knapp

Seventeen Transitions in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Kathleen A. Galvin, Randall B. Boone, J. Terrence McCabe, Ann L. Magennis, and Tyler A. Beeton

Eighteen Agricultural Expansion and Human Population Trends in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem from 1984 to 2003

Anna B. Estes, Tobias Kuemmerle, Hadas Kushnir, V. C. Radeloff, and H. H. Shugart

Nineteen Infectious Diseases in the Serengeti

Tiziana Lembo, Harriet Auty, Katie Hampson, Meggan E. Craft, Andy Dobson, Robert Fyumagwa, Eblate Ernest, Dan Haydon, Richard Hoare, Magai Kaare, Felix Lankester, Titus Mlengeya, Dominic Travis, and Sarah Cleaveland

Part IV Coupled Human-Natural Interactions

Twenty-One Living in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem

Katie Hampson, J. Terrence McCabe, Anna B. Estes, Joseph O. Ogutu, Dennis Rentsch, Meggan E. Craft, Cuthbert B. Hemed, Eblate Ernest, Richard Hoare, Bernard Kissui, Lucas Malugu, Emmanuel Masenga, and Sarah Cleaveland

Part V Consequences of Disturbance for Policy, Management, and Conservation

Twenty-Two Bushmeat Hunting in the Serengeti Ecosystem

Dennis Rentsch, Ray Hilborn, Eli J. Knapp, Kristine L. Metzger, and Martin Loibooki

Twenty-Three Human Health in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem

Linda M. Knapp, Eli J. Knapp, Kristine L. Metzger, Dennis Rentsch, Rene Beyers, Katie Hampson, Jennifer Schmitt, Sarah Cleaveland, and Kathleen A. Galvin

Twenty-Four Multiple Functions and Institutions

Deborah Randall, Anke Fischer, Alastair Nelson, Maurus Msuha, Asanterabi Lowassa, and Camilla Sandström

Twenty-Five Sustainability of the Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem for Wildlife and People

Robin S. Reid, Kathleen A. Galvin, Eli J. Knapp, Joseph O. Ogutu, and Dickson S. Kaelo

Part VI Synthesis

Twenty-Six The Role of Research in Conservation and the Future of the Serengeti

Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Julius D. Keyyu, Simon A. R. Mduma, Mtango Mtahiko, Emily Kisamo, J. Grant C. Hopcraft, John M. Fryxell, Kristine L. Metzger, and Markus Borner

Twenty-Seven The Future of Conservation

Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Andy Dobson, Kristine L. Metzger, John M. Fryxell, and Simon A. R. Mduma

End Matter