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(p.331) Epilogue
A City for Children
Marta Gutman
University of Chicago Press

During the New Deal, race leaders in West Oakland embraced urban renewal, including for Campbell Village and Peralta Villa, public housing projects. By the 1960s, faced with the violence of slum clearance, police brutality, and other repressions, the Black Panther Party organized in West Oakland. Although this movement shattered the ethos of clubwoman, their community-based institutions set a model for social action including for black militants. Other investments in childhood made Oakland a place for hope about the future rather than despair about the injustices of present. Women, who navigated the worlds of social difference to build the charitable landscape, provided a physical framework for community building, linked with the welfare state. The Studio One Arts Center, the former Children’s Home, is used to show that repurposing continues to enhance public life in everyday situations, including for children.

Keywords:   urban renewal, Campbell Village, Peralta Villa, Black Panther Party, welfare state, Studio One Arts Center

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