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Pathways to Disability

Pathways to Disability

Predicting Health Trajectories

Chapter:
(p.105) 4 Pathways to Disability
Source:
Health at Older Ages
Author(s):
Florian Heiss, Axel Börsch-Supan, Michael Hurd, David A. Wise
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226132327.003.0005

This chapter highlights the very significant variation in clinical pathways to disability in the United States across individuals with different education backgrounds, different incomes or wealth, or between those who are married and those who are single. The analysis is based on data in the Health and Retirement Study. Both health and disability are strongly correlated to mortality. Latent health is better for women, but self-reported health conditional on latent health is worse. In addition, the chapter shows that future paths of health and disability are very strongly related to health and disability at age fifty. The difference in the poor health levels of low- and high-education survivors starts to converge after age seventy, although the poor health level for the low-education group remains substantially higher than the level for the high-education group.

Keywords:   disability, United States, clinical pathways, education, incomes, wealth, Retirement Study, mortality, health

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