Page of

Socioeconomic and Demographic Disparities in Trends in Old-Age Disability

Socioeconomic and Demographic Disparities in Trends in Old-Age Disability

Chapter:
(p.75) 3 Socioeconomic and Demographic Disparities in Trends in Old-Age Disability
Source:
Health at Older Ages
Author(s):
Robert F. Schoeni, Vicki A. Freedman, Linda G. Martin
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226132327.003.0004

This chapter reviews the changes in disparities in old-age disability across socioeconomic and demographic groups, including education, income, race/ethnicity, age, gender, marital status, and region of residence. Declines in disability among older people living in the South remain significantly greater than those for people living in the West and Midwest. The chapter reveals that old-age disability rates among all major socioeconomic and demographic groups have declined over the past two decades, but the magnitude of the fall has been larger for those who have a high income, more years of education, are married, and are younger. Disparities in disability generally have increased. The analysis indicates that trends cannot be attributed to changes in the size or makeup of the nursing home population. Changes over time in the physical environment in which older people live and work may also be influencing disability rates differentially by demographic and socioeconomic status.

Keywords:   disparities, old-age disability, education, income, ethnicity, age, gender, residence, marital status

Sign In

Copyright © 2021. All rights reserved.
Privacy Policy and Legal Notice