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Trends in Assistance with Daily Activities: Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities Persist in the U.S. Older Population

Trends in Assistance with Daily Activities: Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities Persist in the U.S. Older Population

Chapter:
(p.411) 13 Trends in Assistance with Daily Activities: Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities Persist in the U.S. Older Population
Source:
Health at Older Ages
Author(s):
Vicki A. Freedman, Linda G. Martin, Jennifer Cornman, Emily M. Agree, Robert F. Schoeni
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226132327.003.0014

This chapter investigates the older U.S. population trends in forms of assistance with daily activities and disparities in assistance by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Significant disparities in assistance are evident by racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status. The chances of using any help and the chances of using nothing have both declined in relation to the use of assistive technology (AT) alone, the increases in which appear to be widely experienced. Higher levels of education are connected with higher probabilities of using technology independently to carry out daily activities. The chapter shows that, for most groups, increases in AT appear to be offset by decreases both in the use of help and in unassisted difficulty, with declines in the latter twice as large as declines in help.

Keywords:   older U.S. population, assistance, daily activities, disparities, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, education, assistive technology

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