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The Value of Reductions in Child Injury Mortality in the United States

The Value of Reductions in Child Injury Mortality in the United States

Chapter:
(p.511) 13 The Value of Reductions in Child Injury Mortality in the United States
Source:
Medical Care Output and Productivity
Author(s):
Sherry Glied
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226132303.003.0014

One of the bright spots in the changing circumstances of American children over the past three decades has been the significant decline in child mortality. The mortality rate among children ages one through four fell 57 percent between 1960 and 1990, and the rate for children ages 5–14 fell 48 percent over those thirty years. In percentage terms, these declines are steeper than those experienced by any other age group. Despite these large declines in mortality, unintentional injury remains the leading cause of death among children ages 1–14, and most of these deaths are, in some sense, avoidable. Improvements in childhood mortality may be a consequence of reductions in the rate of accidents or improvements in accident outcomes. This chapter examines the determinants and assesses the value of the decline in childhood unintentional injury mortality in the United States. It also discusses the relationship between regulation, technology, and post-accident care and family resources, as well as changes in the production of child safety.

Keywords:   child mortality, United States, child safety, unintentional injury, children, accidents, regulation, technology, family, post-accident care

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