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Professional Canon Lawyers: Advocates and Proctors

Professional Canon Lawyers: Advocates and Proctors

(p.344) * Elght *Professional Canon Lawyers: Advocates and Proctors
The Medieval Origins of the Legal Profession
University of Chicago Press

By the beginning of the fourteenth century, lawyers turn up everywhere in contemporary documents. This is no doubt partly an artifact of the records, since activities that involved advocates, proctors, judges, and notaries produced enormous masses of written matter. The great majority of all surviving medieval records are in fact legal documents of one sort or another. While their prominence in the records may give an exaggerated impression of their ubiquity, professional lawyers, judges, and notaries constituted a substantial and prosperous element within most late medieval towns and cities whose population records have been studied. Papal courts and tribunals required the services of substantial numbers of trained lawyers, as did administrative offices, where they were commonly deemed more flexible and tactful than theologians.

Keywords:   lawyers, advocates, proctors, judges, notaries, papal courts, tribunals, theologians

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