This chapter examines the work and leisure in American cities during the 1800s. It explains that urban work regimens created a double life for young workers, a day of confined drudgery and an evening of limitless freedom. It describes the work and nighttime leisure of two groups of young. These are the girls and women who worked in the cotton mills of Lowell, Massachusetts and the boys and men who worked as clerks in New York City. This chapter also discusses how these young workers turned urban nightlife into a more salient site of conflict.
Keywords: work, leisure, nighttime leisure, urban work regimens, cotton mill workers, clerks, urban nightlife