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Effectof Employer Access to Criminal History Data on the Labor Market Outcomes of Ex-Offenders and Non-Offenders

Effectof Employer Access to Criminal History Data on the Labor Market Outcomes of Ex-Offenders and Non-Offenders

Chapter:
(p.89) 3 Effectof Employer Access to Criminal History Data on the Labor Market Outcomes of Ex-Offenders and Non-Offenders
Source:
Studies of Labor Market Intermediation
Author(s):
Keith Finlay
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226032900.003.0004

This chapter examines how expanded employer access to criminal history data influences the labor market outcomes of ex-offenders and nonoffenders. The research design used in this chapter is similar to one used by Autor and Scarborough to study the diffusion of preemployment personality tests at a national retail chain. Looking at a criminal history record positively identifies an individual and describes that person's arrests and subsequent dispositions relating to a criminal event. Because employers have a strong aversion to hiring ex-offenders and because criminal history records have recently become more accessible, it is not surprising that the use of criminal background checks has increased at the same time the number of ex-offenders has increased. Regression estimates indicate that more widely available criminal history data worsens the labor market outcomes of ex-offenders.

Keywords:   criminal history record, labor market outcomes, ex-offenders, nonoffenders, preemployment, criminal event

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