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The Frugivory Mutualism

The Frugivory Mutualism

Chapter:
(p.335) 8 The Frugivory Mutualism
Source:
The Ornaments of Life
Author(s):
Theodore H. FlemingW. John Kress
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226023328.003.0008

This chapter discusses the concepts of convergence and complementarity as they apply to fruit-producing plants and frugivorous animals. It begins with an overview of Neotropical bats and the fruits they consume. It then examines the evolution and adaptation of fruits and their vertebrate consumers. The fruit-frugivore mutualism is pervasive in tropical and subtropical habitats around the world. There is considerable evidence on both the plant and animal side of this mutualism that it has had a profound impact on the evolution of specific traits found in fruits and frugivores.

Keywords:   convergence, complementarity, fruit-producing plants, frugivorous animals, Neotropical bats, evolution

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