In December 1922, James Henry Breasted learned of a magnificent discovery made by the Earl of Carnarvon in Egypt. Carnarvon began wintering in Egypt in 1903, and three years later began obtaining permits from the Egyptian Antiquities Service to search for the buried tombs of pharaohs and nobles with the assistance of explorers for hire. One such explorer was Howard Carter, who headed the expedition that discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun. Carter would be involved in a dispute with Pierre Lacau, then head of the Antiquities Service, over the finds and control over all aspects of the tomb's clearance and publicity. While mediating the Carter dispute in March 1924, Breasted was visited by George E. Vincent, then president of the Rockefeller Foundation, and made known his desire to build an Egyptian Museum. When the plan did not push through, Breasted proposed a modern museum building in Jerusalem for Palestinian archaeology. The Palestine Archaeological Museum, as it was officially named, was completed in 1935.
Keywords: tombs, James Henry Breasted, earl of carnarvon, egypt, pharaohs, howard carter, tutankhamun, pierre lacau, egyptian museum, palestine archaeological museum