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Saving the NationEconomic Modernity in Republican China$
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Margherita Zanasi

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226978734

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226978741.001.0001

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China's Minzu Economy

China's Minzu Economy

(p.25) Chapter 1 China's Minzu Economy
Saving the Nation

Margherita Zanasi

University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines the understanding of Wang Jingwei and Chen Gongbo in China's crisis, their notion of economic modernity, and their development of the idea of minzu economy as the foundation of the nation. It also reviews the link between Wang's and Chen's political platform and worldwide fascist trends. The economic reform plan promoted by the Wang group was entrusted with the revolutionary (and evolutionary) task of changing the Chinese economic structure. Wang, Chen, and Jiang Jieshi agreed on autarky and were all equally responsible for the government's abandonment of the mercantilist policies that had inspired the Self-Strengthening reforms. Although the formula for economic nation building promulgated by Chen and Wang appeared, at first glance, rather simplistic and highly rhetorical, its realization actually required important choices for the new cabinet.

Keywords:   Wang Jingwei, Chen Gongbo, China, minzu economy, political platform, economic reform plan, Jiang Jieshi, autarky

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