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Places of Their OwnAfrican American Suburbanization in the Twentieth Century$
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Andrew Wiese

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780226896410

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226896267.001.0001

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Separate Suburbanization in the South, 1940–1960

Separate Suburbanization in the South, 1940–1960

Chapter:
(p.164) Chapter 7 Separate Suburbanization in the South, 1940–1960
Source:
Places of Their Own
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226896267.003.0008

As part of African American history, separate suburbanization illustrates the growing assertiveness of black communities on the eve of the civil rights movement, as well as the persistence of traditional strategies of “home sphere” politics and community building throughout the era. The struggle over “Negro expansion” in Dallas had its roots in the social and economic transformation wrought by World War II. With the coming of war, aeronautics firms such as Lockheed, North American Aviation, and Southern Aircraft built giant airplane factories on the periphery of the city, creating thousands of well-paying defense jobs and sparking a surge of regional migration to the city. In the first two years of the war, as many as 25,000 families migrated to Dallas. Struggle to achieve desegregation and to improve black communities, rather than being contradictory impulses, were complementary aspects of the same regional movement for black equality and empowerment.

Keywords:   African American history, home sphere, Negro expansion, Dallas, black equality

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