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Stratigraphic PaleobiologyUnderstanding the Distribution of Fossil Taxa in Time and Space$
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Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226649375

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.001.0001

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The Stratigraphic Framework

The Stratigraphic Framework

Chapter:
(p.29) 3 The Stratigraphic Framework
Source:
Stratigraphic Paleobiology
Author(s):

Mark E. Patzkowsky

Steven M. Holland

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.003.0003

This chapter characterizes the physical stratigraphic framework in which paleobiological patterns are studied. The principles underlying sequence stratigraphy have proven their worth through their ability to predict the structure of the stratigraphic record and to enable high-resolution correlations confirmed by more traditional methods, such as biostratigraphy, chemostratigraphy, and magnetostratigraphy. Sequence stratigraphy is useful for understanding changes in facies through time and laterally through a sedimentary basin. Depositional sequences are relatively conformable successions of strata but differ from parasequences in that the bounding surfaces are subaerial unconformities and their correlative surfaces. Hence, sequence stratigraphy provides a powerful time-environment framework for stratigraphic paleobiology.

Keywords:   sedimentary basin, sequence stratigraphy, facies, taphonomy, high-resolution correlations, structure

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