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The Sangamo FrontierHistory and Archaeology in the Shadow of Lincoln$
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Robert Mazrim

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226514246

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226514239.001.0001

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Earthenware at Cotton Hill

Earthenware at Cotton Hill

The Ebey-Brunk Kiln Site

Chapter:
(p.183) Chapter Eleven Earthenware at Cotton Hill
Source:
The Sangamo Frontier
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226514239.003.0012

By the beginning of the nineteenth century in America, even the most remote homes were stocked with a wide range of imported, mass-produced goods. But the simple utilitarian crockery used in households in the Midwest was another matter. These redware lard pots or stoneware vinegar jugs made at local pottery shops, while often not much to look at, were products of custom and informal learning. Well into the nineteenth century, unrefined redware or stoneware crockery was still made by a local potter, who probably learned the trade from a father, uncle, or neighbor. The Sangamo Country was home to at least four redware pottery shops during the early nineteenth century, which was a significant cluster for the period. The first pottery to be established in the Sangamo region was located along Sugar Creek, in a community that would become known as Cotton Hill. Now known as the Ebey–Brunk site, the Cotton Hill pottery was probably constructed in 1826 by the extended Royal–Ebey–Brunk family that moved here from Ohio. The shop closed no later than 1854. This site is the only kiln in the region that has received intensive attention from archaeologists.

Keywords:   pottery, redware pottery, stoneware, Sangamo Country, pottery shops, Sugar Creek, Cotton Hill, Ebey–Brunk kiln, archeological sites

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