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The Female in Aristotle's BiologyReason or Rationalization$
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Robert Mayhew

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780226512006

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226512020.001.0001

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Aristotle and “Ideology”

Aristotle and “Ideology”

Chapter:
(p.1) One Aristotle and “Ideology”
Source:
The Female in Aristotle's Biology
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226512020.003.0001

The views of Aristotle about women represent “a classic instance of false consciousness” and there is a great deal of confusion over what Aristotle says in his biological writings about females, and whether what he says about them there is ideological. The “ideological rationalization” is a subclass of intellectual rationalization, involving one's own social and political beliefs and interests. It does not refer solely to the defense of the views of those in power. This book maintains that “social causation,” that is, being influenced by one's cultural context, is not automatically evidence of ideological rationalization. Ideological rationalization involves, at some level, an investigation into the motives that led a person to conclude what he did. The book focuses on Aristotle's biological writings; it is not a study of what he has to say about women in his moral and political works.

Keywords:   Aristotle, ideological rationalization, intellectual rationalization, biological writings, social causation

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