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Oduduwa's ChainLocations of Culture in the Yoruba-Atlantic$
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Andrew Apter

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226506388

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226506555.001.0001

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Creolization and Connaissance

Creolization and Connaissance

Chapter:
(p.39) Two Creolization and Connaissance
Source:
Oduduwa's Chain
Author(s):

Andrew Apter

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226506555.003.0003

This chapter applies Yoruba revisionary strategies to the New World dynamics of creolization. It focuses on the Petwo paradox in Haitian Vodou, which opposes Creole powers of money and magic to the venerated, if enervated, authority of Ginen (Africa), to address a fairly narrow debate regarding the division of Petwo spirits and Rada deities and their imputed Creole versus African origins. Against the ideology of Haitian Vodou, and its misleading influence on various scholars, a Yoruba-Dahomean cultural hermeneutic reveals the African origins and revisionary principles of the Petwo and Rada opposition as it emerged before the Haitian revolution and realigned with class relations under François Duvalier.

Keywords:   creolization, Haitian Vodou, Petwo spirits, Rada deities, François Duvalier

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