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Materials and Expertise in Early Modern EuropeBetween Market and Laboratory$
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Ursula Klein Klein and E. C. Spary

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780226439686

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226439709.001.0001

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Economizing Agricultural Resources in the German Economic Enlightenment

Economizing Agricultural Resources in the German Economic Enlightenment

Chapter:
(p.261) 10 Economizing Agricultural Resources in the German Economic Enlightenment
Source:
Materials and Expertise in Early Modern Europe
Author(s):

Marcus Popplow

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226439709.003.0010

To avoid hunger crises and avert shortages of plant resources for the arts and crafts, government officials, clergymen, and members of the Republic of Letters introduced a broad set of measures for agriculture, forestry, and animal breeding. This article explores how advanced knowledge, envisioned in the second half of the eighteenth century in many European states in the so-called industrial or economic enlightenment, was used to increase the production of domestic agricultural resources. It analyzes the “economization” of natural resources in Germany and discusses how economic societies acted as mediators between different social groups and sectors of the economic system. Members of economic societies collected data about agricultural practices, performed experiments, and proposed technical measures for agricultural innovation as well as methods for the dissemination of knowledge, including the education of peasants.

Keywords:   agriculture, knowledge, economic enlightenment, agricultural resources, economization, natural resources, Germany, economic societies, peasants

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