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Science, Conservation, and National Parks$
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Steven R. Beissinger, David D. Ackerly, Holly Doremus, and Gary E. Machlis

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226422954

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226423142.001.0001

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Biological Invasions in the National Parks and in Park Science

Biological Invasions in the National Parks and in Park Science

Chapter:
(p.161) Eight Biological Invasions in the National Parks and in Park Science
Source:
Science, Conservation, and National Parks
Author(s):

Daniel Simberloff

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226423142.003.0008

In its early history, the US National Park Service (NPS) had no policy on nonnative species, and even introduced nonnative fishes for sport fishing and plants for landscaping. By the 1920s, scientists within and outside the NPS militated against new introductions and urged the agency to minimize or eradicate existing ones, but not until a 1968 directive was such a policy substantially implemented. Some park efforts to eradicate or decrease mammal populations aroused opposition from hunters or advocates of animal rights. Park Science was first published in 1980 and initially targeted NPS managers; in the 1990s it broadened its audience to include the general public. Articles in Park Science, though more heavily focused on management than those in most academic journals, track most of the explosive recent development of invasion biology, in particular incorporating the recognition that some invasions can affect entire ecosystems rather than just particular native species. The journal has generally downplayed controversies that have recently roiled invasion biology. National parks, islands in a larger landscape and unable to control national policy on nonnative species, are continually invaded by new nonnatives, but the NPS has risen to the challenge of managing them with some striking successes.

Keywords:   biological control, biological invasions, invasive species, national parks, nonnative species

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