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Making Jet Engines in World War IIBritain, Germany, and the United States$

Hermione Giffard

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226388595

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226388625.001.0001

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(p.343) Index

(p.343) Index

Source:
Making Jet Engines in World War II
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
109-001 jet engine, 154, 190f, 190–91, 257
109-002 jet engine, 124, 257
109-003 jet engine, 154, 192, 194;
development, 125–28;
engine comparison table, 258;
layout, 126;
production, 42, 45–48, 54, 58–61, 63
109-004 jet engine, 154, 191–92, 194;
and British publicity 207;
development, 120–23, 126, 128;
engine comparison table, 257;
layout, 121;
production, 42, 45–47, 50, 52, 57–61
109-006 jet engine, 189, 192, 257
109-007 jet engine, 130–33, 258;
layout, 129
109-011 jet engine, 132, 133, 192–95, 198
109-012 jet engine, 123, 257
109-016 jet engine, 131, 258
109-018 jet engine, 127, 258;
layout, 288n265
109-021 jet engine, 133, 258
109-022 jet engine, 123, 257
109-028 jet engine, 127, 258, 289n265
603 piston engine, 58–59, 258
606 piston engine, 44–45
616 Squadron, Royal Air Force, 31
801 piston engine, 44, 59, 258
acceptance tests, 23–24, 29, 32, 83, 88, 103–4
Adenstedt, Heinrich, 120
AEG, 121
Aerodynamische Versuchsanstalt (AVA), 118, 119, 121, 124, 126, 129, 130, 188
Aeronautical Research Committee (ARC), 23, 176
Air Staff, Britain, 24
AJ/65 jet engine, 74, 93, 104, 256
Alfred Herbert, 160
Allach, 54, 126
Allen, Sidney, 109
Allgemeine Elektricitäts Gesellschaft, 121
Allied Jet Publicity Policy, 201, 204–8
Allis-Chalmers, 40, 41, 135, 136, 138
Allison Division, 39, 40, 144
Ar 234 aircraft, 46, 194
Armstrong Siddeley Motors (ASM), 28, 94–95, 104–11, 116, 223;
collaboration with Metropolitan Vickers, 105, 106, 108
Arnold, Henry “Hap,” 35, 37, 134, 137–40, 201–2, 204–5, 244
Arnold-Portal Agreement, 201, 204–8
ASH jet engine, 109, 256
ASP jet engine, 109, 110f, 111, 256
ASX jet engine, 109, 110f, 111, 256;
layout, 109
Avon jet engine. See AJ/65 jet engine
B/26 jet engine (STX), 89, 167, 255, 280n77, 297n90
B/37 jet engine, 103, 143, 167, 172;
engine comparison table, 256;
production, 19, 32;
and Rolls-Royce, 74, 77, 88–89, 91, 94, 167
B/41 jet engine, 74, 89, 90, 256
Bailey, Donald, 212
Bankfield Shed. See Barnoldswick
Banks, F. R., 28, 103
Barnoldswick, production, 21–23, 25–26, 28, 32, 68;
transfer to Rolls-Royce, 29, 85–86, 279, 280n72;
under Rolls-Royce management, 74, 78, 86, 88–92, 94
(p.344) Bayrische Motoren Werke. See BMW
Beaverbrook, Max, 23
Bell Aircraft Company, 37, 40, 140, 204, 205, 244
Bell P-59 aircraft, 37–38, 143, 205, 225, 226f
Bennett-Powell, J. B., 164
Bentele, Max, 193, 194
Bf 109 aircraft, 43, 44, 50, 77
BMW, 119, 123–28, 131, 193, 287n241;
production 43, 45, 47–48, 54–55
BMW 003 jet engine. See 109-003 jet engine
BMW 132 piston engine, 125f
BMW 801 piston engine, 44, 59, 258
BMW P.3303, 126, 258
BMW P.3304. See 109-002 jet engine
Brabazon Committee, 116
Bramson, M. L., 157, 160
Brandenburgisheche Motorwerke (Bramo), 48, 119, 123–26, 128, 193
Bristol Aeroplane Company, 78, 93–95, 111–15, 141, 147, 152
British Thomson-Houston Company Ltd., 221, 241, 248;
and Power Jets, 152, 155, 158–62, 164–65;
publicity, 203–4, 207
Brownsover Hall, 169, 171
Buckingham, Edgar, 135, 136
Bulman, George, 25, 28, 102, 103, 300n156;
memoir, 220
Bush, Vannevar, 37, 138, 292n321
Cambridge, 152–53, 157, 160, 162–64, 176, 246
Canon’s Park, 34
Caproni-Campini Motorjet, 205
Carter, Maurice Bonham, 157, 160, 204, 242
Carter, W. G., 249
Centaurus piston engine, 115
Cherwell, Lord, 24, 31, 175, 178
Cheshire, L. J., 171
Churchill, Winston, 19, 24, 31, 175
Clitheroe, 22, 26, 29, 79, 86, 89f;
transfer to Rolls-Royce, 86
Clyde jet engine. See RB/39 jet engine
Cohen, Lionel Leonard, 211
Cohen Commission, 210, 211, 212, 213, 308n55
Comet, 104, 218
Constant, Hayne, 86, 160, 176–78, 217, 219, 223;
and National Gas Turbine Establishment, 181, 211
contract (not employment):
Britain, 23–24, 28–30, 33, 109, 111–14
Power Jets Ltd., 161, 168, 172
Rolls-Royce, 78, 81, 88, 92
Germany, 122, 130–31, 133, 184, 188, 191
USA, 37–39, 146, 158, 160
Cox, Harold Roxbee. See Roxbee Cox, Harold
CR. 1 jet engine, 75, 77, 79–80, 84, 86, 90–93, 256;
layout, 76
CR.2 jet engine, 74, 93
Craigie, C. D., 245
credit, 34, 201–3, 210, 226
Cripps, Stafford, 31, 114, 171, 173–75, 179–80, 196, 205
Crompton, Victor E., 159, 241
Crown Film Unit, 213
Daimler-Benz, 45, 119, 124, 128–34, 147, 194
Daimler-Benz 603 piston engine, 58–59, 258
Daimler-Benz 606 piston engine, 44–45
Darling, R. F., 164
Deerhound piston engine, 104, 108, 256
De Havilland Company, 19, 94–96, 101–4, 166, 181;
production, 26–28, 32;
publicity, 208–9, 249
De Havilland Engine Company, 95, 96, 104, 196
Derby, 75, 84, 90–94
Derwent jet engine. See B/37 jet engine
Dessau, 46, 119, 122, 123
Deutsche Versuschsanstalt für Luftfahrt (DVL), 129
Deutsches Museum, 227, 229;
Air and Space Hall, 228
DH 100 aircraft, 26–27, 33–34, 41
D. Napier and Son. See Napier
Dorey, Ray, 84
dual inventor story, 13, 200, 222–27
Duffield Bank House, 75
Durand, William F., 138
Durand Committee, 138, 139
DVL (Deutsche Versuschsanstalt für Luft-fahrt), 129
E.124 jet engine, 116, 117
E.125 jet engine, 116
E.5/42 aircraft, 27, 267n54
(p.345) E.6/41 aircraft, 26–27, 33–34, 41
E.28/39 aircraft, 21, 23, 154, 161, 203, 205–7, 221, 226f 248;
Eckert, Bruno, 131
Einheitstriebwerk, 131
Eland jet engine, 117, 257
Elliot, A. G., 90
Employees:
British industry, 77, 114;
German industry, 122, 123, 127;
Heinkel, 189–90, 192, 193, 196;
National Gas Turbine Establishment, 179;
Power Jets, 156, 159, 162, 163f, 169, 175
Encke, Walter, 121, 188, 189
engines of desperation, 8, 66, 235
English Electric, 33, 116
Ernst Heinkel Aircraft Company. See Heinkel Aircraft Company
ersatz, 15, 56, 235
Eyre, Donald, 75, 76, 77
F.2 jet engine, 91, 105–6, 111, 154, 255;
layout of, 105
F.9 jet engine, 105, 111, 141, 255
F.9/40 aircraft, 23–24, 28, 30–32;
flight trials of engines, 27, 89, 106;
publicity, 205, 207, 221, 248–50;
USA, 143
factories, 36, 39, 49–52, 96, 117, 169–70
Farren, William, 101, 177, 178, 266n15
Fedden, Roy, 53, 108, 111–14, 284, 285n177, 285n187
Fighter Staff, 49–50, 54, 63
Fir Tree Blade Root, 84, 85f
firsts, 150, 187, 188, 190, 223, 225, 234
Firth Vickers, 160
Flying Bomb (V1), 31, 51, 206
forced labor, 61
foreign workers, 122
Franks, Oliver, 216
Franz, Anselm, 119–23, 217, 222, 224
Freeman, Wilifird, 29, 32, 201, 202, 205
fuel, 60
fuel consumption, 112, 115–16, 128
Fw 190 aircraft, 43, 50
Galland, Adolf, 63
Gas Turbine Collaboration Committee (GTCC), 103;
facilitation of collaboration with USA 141–43;
formation of, 82–83, 83f;
information provided to British industry, 89, 117;
members, 100–101, 105, 117, 165;
patents, 166
Gas Turbine Technical Advisory and Coordinating Committee, 179
General Electric Company, 9, 236;
development, 68, 73, 135, 137–46;
production, 36–37, 39;
publicity, 203–5, 222, 244
Ghost jet engine. See H.2 jet engine
Gloster Ace aircraft. See E.5/42 aircraft
Gloster Aircraft Company, 21, 84, 203, 207, 244, 246, 248
Gloster Meteor aircraft. See F.9/40 aircraft
Goblin jet engine. See H.1 jet engine
Göring, Herman, 44, 46, 49, 62
Griffith, Arnold Alan, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 82, 92, 136, 160, 176, 216, 219, 220, 223, 229, 230, 244, 245–46, 269n110;
and Whittle’s 1930 design, 76, 152
Günter, Siegfried, 187
H.1 jet engine, 19, 26–27, 32–34, 98–99, 99f, 100t, 101, 102f, 103–4, 106, 108, 255;
in USA, 40
H.2 jet engine, 104, 255
Hahn, Max, 186
Halford, Frank, 26, 96–102, 116, 196, 209, 219
Hall, Arnold Alexander, 160
Harz Mountains, 50, 52
Haspel, Wilhelm, 133
Hastelloy B Alloy, 141–42
Hatfield, 83 f, 96–97, 97f
Haworth, Lionel, 81, 84, 86, 90–92, 94
Hawthorne, William R., 164, 178
Heinkel, Ernst, 154, 182–86, 188–90, 192–95, 217, 237
Heinkel Aircraft Company, 11–12, 42, 73, 118, 149–50, 154, 182–95, 195–98
Heinkel-Hirth, 132, 196
Heron, S. D., 216
He 162 aircraft. See Volksjäger
He 178 aircraft, 154, 186, 187, 188, 191, 221, 226f
He 280 aircraft, 154, 183, 184, 190, 191, 192
Helmbold, Heinrich, 187
Henschel Company, 127, 129
Heppner, Fritz Albert Max, 107, 108
Hercules piston engine, 19, 78, 112, 256
heroic inventor, 12, 199, 200, 217, 232, 238
HeS 1 jet engine, 154, 185, 186, 257
HeS2 jet engine, 186, 187, 257
HeS3 jet engine, 187
HeS3b jet engine, 187, 188, 191, 225, 226f 229, 257
(p.346) HeS8 jet engine. See 109-001 jet engine
HeS9 jet engine, 189
HeS11 jet engine. See 109-011 jet engine
HeS30 jet engine (109-006), 189, 192, 257
HeS30a jet engine, 189
HeS40 jet engine, 189
HeS 50 jet engine, 189
HeS60 jet engine, 189
High Duty Alloys, 160
Himmler, Heinrich, 48, 49, 50
Hirth, Hellmuth, 189
Hirth Motor Company, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 197
Hitler, Adolf, 43, 50, 56, 65
Hives, Ernest, 74–75, 79–82, 86, 90–93, 167
Hoffman Company, 160
Hooker, Stanley, 31, 76–77, 79–80, 82, 86, 91–93, 115
Hunsaker, Jerome, 138
I-40 jet engine, 38, 39, 68, 249
intellectual reparations, 220
inventive institutions, 11, 12, 149–51, 195–98, 237, 238
J31 jet engine. See Type I-16 jet engine
J33 jet engine. See I-40 jet engine
Jacobs, Eastman, 136
Jägerstab. See Fighter Staff
Jake’s Jeep, 136, 138
Jamison, Robin R., 77, 94
Jet (Frank Whittle), 155, 213, 215, 218–20
jet publicity policy (Allied), 201, 204–8
Jewkes, Sawers, and Stillerman. See Sources of Invention
Johnson, W. E. P., 88, 152, 166, 214f, 216
Jones, Melville, 153, 246
Joseph Lucas Ltd., 79–90, 96, 109, 112
Jumo 004 jet engine. See 109-004 jet engine
Jumo 222 piston engine, 44
Jumo (Company), 43, 55, 119–24, 131, 237
Junkers, Hugo, 119
Junkers Aircraft Company, 120, 154, 184, 188
Junkers Motor Company. See Jumo (Company)
Kahla, 55
Kammler, Hans, 49, 51, 54, 65
Kauffman, F. B., 142
Keppel, Cynthia, 215–16, 221
Kiern, D. J., 142
Köthen, 47
Ladywood. See Lutterworth
Laidlaw, Drew and Company, 160, 164, 241
Leigh, Humphrey de Verd, 202
Leist, Karl, 129, 132
Lindemann, Frederick Alexander. See Cher-well, Lord
Lindsey, Pat, 109
Linnell, Francis J., 25, 28, 29, 86, 165
Lockheed Company, 41, 135, 249
Lockheed P-80 aircraft, 41, 206, 225, 226f 249
Löhner, Kurt, 125
Lombard, Adrian, 86, 92, 94
Lovesey, A. Cyril, 94
LR.1 jet engine, 179, 255
Lubbock, Roy, 164, 241, 242
Lulu-Belle. See Lockheed P-80 aircraft
Lutterworth, 79, 159, 161, 162, 169, 170
Lynn, MA, 137, 139, 141
Mader, Otto, 119
Magdeburg, 119
Marchant, Charles, 115
materiality, 226
Me 262 aircraft, 46, 54–55, 61f, 66f, 121;
and British publicity, 31, 207, 249;
and Smithsonian, 225, 226f 227;
and Volksjäger, 61–65
Merlin piston engine, 19, 59–60, 73–74, 77, 79–80, 91, 94, 256
Messerschmitt, Willy, 63
Meteor Aircraft. See F.9/40 aircraft
Metropolitan Vickers Electrical Co. Ltd., 9, 95, 96, 105–6, 109, 166, 223;
collaboration with Armstrong Siddeley Motors, 105–6, 108
Milch, Erhard, 42, 44–45, 46, 49, 56, 131, 191, 194
Mittelbau, 52, 53
Mittelwerk, 51, 52, 54, 274n208
Mond Nickel, 87, 141
Mosquito aircraft, 27, 31
motorjet, 124
Moult, E. S., 96
Muldenstein, 46, 47
Müller, Alfred, 126
Müller, Max Adolf, 120, 188–89, 192, 217
Muroc, CA, 143, 202
(p.347) Naiad Turboprop Engine, 117, 257
Nallinger, Fritz, 131–33
Napier, 94, 95, 98, 115–17, 166
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), 35, 37, 126, 135–38, 140, 143
National Air and Space Museum (NASM). See Smithsonian Institution
National Gas Turbine Establishment (NGTE), 180–81, 196, 211
Nationalization of Power Jets. See Power Jets Ltd., Nationalization
Nene jet engine. See B/41 jet engine
Newcastle-under-Lyme, 32–34
Nimonic 80, 87, 141, 142
Nomad Piston engine, 117
Nordhausen, 52, 54
Nordwerk, 51–52, 56, 274n208
Oestrich, Hermann, 124–26, 132, 217
Ohain, Hans von. See von Ohain, Hans
Origins of the Turbojet Revolution (Constant, Edward), 9, 70–72, 137, 155, 182, 264n18, 314n150;
about book, 314n;
historiography of the turbojet, 5, 13, 229–30;
and science, 238
Oswald Toynbee Falk and Partners, 156–58, 241–42
outsiders, 70–71, 146, 234
Owner, Frank, 111–15, 284, 285n177
P-80 aircraft, 41, 206, 225, 226f 249
Paravicini, T. P. de, 107
Parkes, J. J., 32
patents, 173, 181–82, 200, 215–16, 296n76;
and GTCC, 166;
and von Ohain, 153, 185;
and Whittle, 157. See also Power Jets Ltd., patents
Pickles, E. L., 211
Pohl, Robert, 153, 154
Popp, Franz Josef, 125–26, 128
Poppe (Rover), 22
Portal, Charles, 201–2, 205–6
Postan, M. M., 215
Power Jets Ltd., 11–12, 244, 248;
and British production, 20–21, 29, 34;
development in Britain excluding with Rover and Rolls-Royce, 99, 103, 142;
institutional history, 149, 153, 155–82, 178, 180–83, 195–98;
nationalization, 155–56, 158, 173–75, 181, 209–10, 212, 297n103;
patents, 157, 164–68;
relations with Rolls-Royce, 32, 79–82, 84–85, 87–89, 161, 165, 166, 167, 168;
relations with Rover, 22, 29, 85, 155, 161–62, 164–65;
and Whittle, 203, 207, 217, 220, 226, 231
Power Jets (Research & Development), 173–75, 178–81, 210, 216–17
production as a measure of success, 8, 11, 17, 67, 234
production statistics for jet engines:
British, 32;
German, 45, 47, 51–52, 55, 61, 132;
overall, 15, 16f; USA, 41
Proteus jet engine, 115
Pye, David, 79, 90, 177
Pyestock, 176–78
Python jet engine. See ASP jet engine
RB/39 jet engine, 74, 91, 92, 256
RB/50 jet engine, 91
RCA.3 jet engine, 90, 91, 256
resources, 10;
and development, 94, 98, 130–31, 133, 139, 144;
at firms that produced jet engines, 77, 81, 87, 122, 124–25;
and inventive institutions, 183, 187, 189, 191, 192, 195;
and production, 25, 28, 49, 58–62, 64, 67–68
reverse flow versus straight through combustion, 100t,
Rex 78 alloy, 142
Reynolds, Douglas, 77
Ricardo, Harry, 196
Ricardo Co. Ltd., 165, 196
Rolls-Royce, 114–15, 166, 178, 181, 237, 277n8;
development, 72–94;
production, 19–20, 29, 31–32, 34;
publicity, 207–8, 249;
relations with Power Jets, 32, 79–82, 84–85, 87–88, 161, 165–168;
thrust of engines, 78, 80, 83, 84, 90;
and USA, 143–44
Rover Car Company, 21–22, 28–29, 36, 89, 103, 141–42, 162, 166;
relations with Power Jets, 22, 29, 85, 155, 161–62, 164–65
Rowell, H. S., 108
Rowlands, Archibald, 168
Roxbee Cox, Harold, 29, 84, 103, 112, 114;
and founding the GTCC, 82;
picture, 30f; and Power Jets, 29, 165–66, 169, 173, 178–79, 181;
Power Jets shares, 241;
as a source for books, 217, 223
(p.348) Royal Aircraft Establishment, 142–43, 160, 170, 175–77, 219;
and Armstrong Siddeley and Metropolitan Vickers, 95–96, 105–9;
and British industry, 81, 90, 98–99, 101, 112–13, 137, 164;
and Power Jets (R&D), 173, 178–79
Royal Commission on Awards to Inventors, 210, 211, 212, 213, 308n55
Sabre piston engine, 100, 101, 116, 117, 257
Sapphire jet engine, 105, 111, 141, 255
Sauckel, Fritz, 55
Saur, Karl-Otto, 49, 63, 64
Sayer, Philip Edward Gerald “Gerry,” 203, 244, 246–47
Schelp, Helmut, 43, 46, 48, 133, 221–23;
and Heinkel-Hirth, 192, 194;
and Office for Special Propulsion Systems, 42, 131;
as subject in book, 217, 229
Scheme F, 105
Schlaifer, Robert, 5, 144, 147, 183;
biographical, 216;
on Power Jets, 155, 158;
about work, 215–17, 310n92
science, 4, 6, 11, 71, 75, 218, 238, 239
Science Museum, London, 216
Scophony Limited, 157
secrecy, 12, 140, 144, 158
separation between gas turbines and jet propulsion, 136, 137
shadow factories, 19, 21–22, 170
Shell Company, 164
Shooting Star. See Bell P-59 aircraft
Sidgreaves, Arthur, 168
Slatter, Brian, 105
slave labor, 15, 48, 58
Smith, David, 219
Smithsonian Institution, 216, 224, 224f, 225;
Jet Aviation Gallery, 226, 226f 227
sociology of invention, 3
Sopwith, Thomas, 107
Sources of Invention (Jewkes, Sawers, and Stillerman), 4, 5
Spandau, 48, 126, 127, 128
Special Propulsion Systems, Office for, 42, 131
Speer, Albert, 46, 49, 51, 56, 60
Speer Ministry, 50, 54
Spriggs, Frank, 106, 107, 108
SS, 48, 54
Stag Lane, 96
steam turbine manufacturer/industry, 9, 95, 112, 121, 138, 139, 147, 236, 292n322. See also individual manufacturers
Stern, W. J. L., 176
story documentary style, 213
straight through combustion, 18f
strategic metals (German jet engines), 57
STX (B/26), 89, 167, 255, 280n77, 297n90
substitute (ersatz), 15, 56, 235
supercharger, 77, 91, 98, 100, 113, 118, 121, 125f, 129, 137, 141, 142, 144, 146, 193, 265n26
techno-nationalism, 200, 221
Tedder, Arthur, 20
terminology (jet engines), 10, 237
test equipment, 77, 97f, 98, 101, 109, 121, 127, 164, 169, 176, 191;
flight testing, 84, 89, 124
Theseus, 114, 115, 257;
layout, 113
thrust augmentation, 120, 136
thrust values:
American engines, 38;
British engines, 23, 24, 29, 31, 95, 97, 103–4, 106, 109, 111–12, 172;
German engines, 128, 131;
Rolls-Royce engines, 78, 80, 83, 84, 90
Tinling, James Collingwood Burdett, 156–57, 160, 167–68, 174, 242
Tizard, Henry, 23, 35, 97, 111, 143, 157, 158, 161, 176
Tizard Mission, 35, 137, 143, 144
toxic continuities, 10, 146, 236
transition narrative, 3, 4, 233, 234, 238
Trent jet engine. See RB/50 jet engine
Tresilian, Stuart, 107, 108
type I jet engine, 36, 37, 142
type I-A jet engine, 37, 38, 142, 143
type I-16 jet engine, 38, 142, 143
type test. See acceptance test
Udet, Ernst, 191
University of Göttingen, 153
V1, 31, 51, 206
V2, 49, 50, 51–52, 54
Vampire (E.6/41), 26–27, 33–34, 41
Vitallium alloy, 142
Voith, J. M., 130, 131
Volksjäger, 54, 56, 62, 63, 64,
W.1 jet engine, 16, 21, 23, 80, 154, 161, 181, 255, 265n15
W.1A jet engine, 112, 161, 181, 255
W.1X jet engine, 141, 160–61, 216, 225–26, 226f 255
W.2 jet engine, 16, 21, 161–62, 255
W.2/500 jet engine, 32, 88–89, 156, 167, 172, 181, 255
W.2/700 jet engine, 167, 172, 179, 181, 255
W.2B jet engine, 19, 23–28, 31–32, 34, 86, 255–56;
development in Britain, 94, 97–98, 100, 103, 106;
and Power Jets, 162, 165, 167, 181;
and Rolls-Royce, 73, 78–79, 80, 83–84, 87, 87f;
Wagner, Herbert, 120, 132, 153, 184, 188, 217, 229
Wagner-Müller jet engine (109-006), 189, 192, 257
Walker, Daniel N., 162
Wallis, Barnes, 215
Wasielewski, Eugene, 136
Waterloo Mill. See Clitheroe
Watson-Watt, Robert, 212
Watt, George (Roxbee Cox’s deputy), 103–4, 166, 223
Weinrich, Helmuth, 124, 288n246
Weir, William and James, 158, 174
Welland jet engine. See W.2B jet engine
Westinghouse, 9, 134, 138, 144
Whetstone, 170, 171 f, 172, 177, 178, 179, 180, 195
Whittle, Frank, 2, 11–12, 73, 103, 108, 111–12, 141, 143, 149, 233, 237, 242;
awards and honors (including ex gratia payment), 209, 210–11, 223–25, 307n43, 307n45;
biography, 151–54, 245–46;
construction of a hero, 199–219, 223–25, 227, 229–31;
illness, 171, 175;
pictures, 214f, 224f;
and Power Jets, 155–66, 168, 170–72, 179, 180–82, 195–96;
in publicity, 244, 248, 249;
and von Ohain 183
Whyte, Lancelot Law, 157–58, 160, 168–69, 241
Wilde, Geoff, 77
Williams, Rolf Dudley, 156, 157, 160, 242
Winrich engine (109-002), 124, 257
Wolff, Harald, 193, 194, 305n272
Wonder Jet, The, 213, 214f, 215, 217, 221
WR.1 jet engine, 73, 79–82, 84, 86, 88, 90, 166, 256;
layout, 81
WU jet engine, 79, 153, 159–62, 255
XP-59 aircraft, 37–38, 143, 205, 225, 226f
XP-80 aircraft, 41, 206, 225, 226f 249
youth, 10, 162
Zittau, 47
Zühlsdorf, 48