With the widespread denaturalization of European Jewry in the course of the Second World War, it is perhaps surprising that there should be a history of wartime extraterritoriality to tell. Yet legal identity did, in fact, determine the fortune of individual Sephardi Jews and, in cases, entire Jewish communities from the erstwhile Ottoman territories in the course of the Holocaust. This chapter explores aftershocks of the capitulatory regime in the Second World War, at the meeting of Greek, Italian, German, Spanish, and Portuguese histories. Looking forward, it traces the endurance of the mixed court system in Egypt, the dismantling of this system in an era of ascendant nationalism, and the effects of these events upon Jews. Finally, “Aftershocks” emphasizes the value of exploring Jewish protégés’ encounter with a nationalizing Europe, teaching us, as it does, about the intersection of European, Ottoman, Middle Eastern, and Jewish histories—and about the statist, personal, and legal vagaries that attended the passport regime. Protection was a tangible legal state for Middle Eastern, Mediterranean and Southeastern European Jews: but it was also a vessel into which many parties—nationalists, socialists, localists, imperial loyalists, state and consular representatives, émigrés—deposited their ambitions, fears, and dreams.
Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.