Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Unwanted ChildThe Fate of Foundlings, Orphans, and Juvenile Criminals in Early Modern Germany$

Joel F. Harrington

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226317274

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226317298.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use (for details see http://www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 20 November 2017

(p.305) Appendix Two Known Infanticides in Nuremberg, 1384–1806

(p.305) Appendix Two Known Infanticides in Nuremberg, 1384–1806

Source:
The Unwanted Child
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press

Such a list has been attempted twice before for Nuremberg, by Gustav Bode (1914) and by Karl Roetzer (1957). Whereas Bode (used uncritically by some contemporary historians) is so unreliable as to appear quasi-fictitious, I have found Roetzer about 85 percent accurate before 1640 and 100 percent thereafter. Still, as the inconsistency in criminal record keeping makes clear, even this list cannot be considered a definitive list, only the best one possible given the sources available (see especially the lacuna during the war and plague years of 1628–39). S indicates suspected but not convicted; F, flogged; B, banished; and E, executed.

Date

Name of Accused

Source

Before 1549: 23 dead babies reported; 15 infanticide suspects; 12 convictions (10 since 1508), 4 executed (3 since 1527)

    27 March 1384

Else Stadelmännin

ASB 204: 24v

    1408

Kunigunde R. (S)

ASB 205: 54r

    1443

Undetermined

RB 1b: 84v

    5 May 1492

eine fraw

A-Laden, 33c: 92v–93r

    11 Aug. 1497

Agnes Pörtlin (B)

A-Laden, 33c: 110r

    5 Oct. 1498

Agnes Nehingerin (S)

A-Laden, 33c: 118r

    25 Nov. 1508

Els Merklin (F)

RV 497: 8v, 14r; RV 498: 6r, 9r

    8 March 1510

Anna Malerin (F)

A-Laden, 33b: 37v–38r

    26 July 1513

Elisabeth Näglin (E)

HS 440: 167

7 March 1515

Kunigunda Cuntzin (F)

A-Laden, 33c: 201r

    11 Oct. 1515

Barbara Ott Karlin (B)

A-Laden, 33c: 204v

    12 May 1518

Margaretha Behaimin (B)

RV623: 4r, 8r, 12r, 14r

    28 Feb. 1525

Gerhaws Störchin (B)

HS 440: 565; HS 447: 699; RV 713: 22r; RV714: 4y 5r, 7r, 8v, lOr, llr, 15v

    3 Dec. 1527

Margaretha Schefferin (E)

HS 440: 272; ASB 226a: 28r

    20 Feb. 1534

Undetermined

RV833: 2r

    26 March 1534

Catharina Lierin (E)

RB 8: 84ff.; HS 440: 276; ASB 221: 109r; ASB 226a: 29v; GNM HS: 19r

    8 March 1536

Undetermined

RV860:8r

    14 Feb. 1536

Undetermined

RV870: 17r

    18 Sept. 1540

Undetermined

RV921: 3r

    5 Feb. 1541

Undetermined

RV926: 5r

    12 Dec. 1542

Margaretha Dhomanin (E)

RV 943: 27r, 31v, 32y 33r, 34r, 36r, 38r: RV 950: lv, 2v, 3v, 7r, 20r, 24r, 29r, 31 r

    29 April 1543

Undetermined

RV956: 9v

    22 April 1544

Undetermined

RV969:15r

1549–1675: 152 dead babies reported; 79 infanticide suspects; 64 convictions; 57 executed

    2 May 1549

Dorothea Nicklin (F)

RB 24: 266r; RV 1034: 8r, 24v; 1035: 2r, 8r; 1036: 2r, 7r, llr, 15v, 18r

    14 May 1549

Undetermined

RV 1036: 36v

    26 Sept. 1549

Margaretha Wagnerin (E)

HS 440: 177–78, 282; ASB 221: 135v; ASB 226a: 32v; RV 1040: 39v, 42r; 1041: 12v, 18v, 21r, 23r

    28 Sept. 1549

Margaretha Hessin (E)

RV 1041: 24v, 38v; RV 1042: 6r, 15r, 16r, 27r, 29r; RV 1043: 3v, 8r, lOr, 12r

    30 Oct. 1554

Susanna Anna Schimidtin (E)

HS 440: 285; 226a:33v; RV 1108: 39r; RV 1109: lv, 3r, 9r, 25r, 28v

    17 Sept. 1555

Undetermined

RB 29: 9r; RV 1121: 17r

    25 March 1557

Undetermined

RV 1141: 17v

    1 June 1557

Barbara Schwenderin (E)

HS 440: 286; ASB221:157r; 226a: 34v; RV 1141: 33v, 34r, 35v; RV 1142: 28v, 31v; RV 1143: 8r, 9v, 18r–v; GNM HS: 23v

    1 Oct. 1557

Undetermined

RV 1147: 36v

    13 Oct. 1557

Undetermined

RV 1148: 9v

    31 Jan. 1558

Undetermined

RV 1152: 6r, 7v, llv

    23 July 1560

Margarethe Hänin (E)

ASB 222: 6r; ASB 226a: 36v; RV 1183: 36r; RV 1185: lOr, 13r, 14r, 17v, 20r, 22r, 43r

    17 Sept. 1560

Barbara Seegerin (E)

HS 440: 222; ASB 222: 6v; ASB 226a: 36v; RV 1185: 43r; RV 1186: 4r; RV 1187: 8r, lOr, llr, 15v, 19v, 21v–22r; GNM HS: 25v

    1 June 1564

Undetermined

RV 1237: lr

    26 June 1564

Undetermined

RV 1237: 31r, 34r

    3 July 1568

Getrude Hoffmännin (E)

RV 1290: lOv; 1291: 5r, 7r, lOr, 22r

    6 July 1569

ein frembd. weib

RV 1304:29v

    16 Aug. 1569

Gertraudt Peurin (S)

RV 1306: 18r, 26v, 29r; RV 1307: 3r

    6 Dec. 1569

Helena Nusserin (E)

RV 1309: 2v, 4r, 12v, 13v, 20v, 21v 35v; 1310: 2r, llv, 16v; GNM HS: 29v

29 May 1571

Margaretha Steinlin (aka Fuchsin) (E)

HS 440: 306; ASB 222: 47r; ASB 226a: 42r; GNM HS: 30v

    11 Nov. 1572

Elisabeth Geuderin (E)

RB 42: 280r–284v; HS 440: 309; ASB 226a: 43V

    5 Nov. 1574

Undetermined

RV 1376: 14v

    24 July 1576

Hans and Kunigunda Gumman (E)1

RB 42: 17r–19r, 48v–49r; HS 440: 314–15; ASB 226a: 45v–46r; Fl 110: 34v–35r; GNM HS: 34r

    28 Sept. 1576

Undetermined

RV 1400: 27v, 33r, 35r

    27 Nov. 1576

Margaretha Schublin (F)

RB 42: 80r–81v; RV 1401:50r, 1402: 24r. 1403: 20r, 29r, 33r; GNM HS: 34r

    6 March 1578

Apollonia Vöglin (E)

ASB 209: 21r–23r; RV 1419:22r, 1420:31v–32r; FS 6; MNG, 1: 696

    23 June 1579

Margaretha Wallenhelderin (E)

ASB 209: 115v–166v; FS 8; MNG, 1: 693

    1579

Anna Fiechtin (S)

RB/43: 63v–64v

    26 Jan. 1580

Agnes Lengin; Elsbeth Ernstin; Margaretha Dorflerin (E)

HS 440: 325–36; HS 447: 1025–26; ASB 209:167r–172v; ASB 220: 91r–v; ASB 222: 91r–v; ASB 226a: 50v–51r; RV 1444: 43v, 55v, 59v, RV 1445:7v, 9r, RV 24v, 30v, 31v, 34v, 39r–v, 43v 43v; Fl Nr 109: 32; GNM HS: 36v–37r; FS 8–9

    29 Feb. 1580

Kunigunde Dietmänin (S) (F)

RB 43: 62v–63v; FS 82

    3 Dec. 1580

Anna Strölin (E)2

RB 51: 106r–109r; HS 440: 328; HS 447: 1033; ASB 209: 235r–236v; ASB 222: 99r–v; GNM HS: 37v; FS 10

    14 Aug. 1582

Christina Zickhin (E)

RB 43:154v–156r; HS 440: 334; ASB 210: 43v–45r; ASB 222: HOr–v; ASB 226a: 52v; RV 1478: 74v–75r, 1479: 19r, 22v, 56v–57r, 61v; GNM HS 3857: 39r; FS 13

    25 June 1583

Undetermined

RV 1491:46r

    5 Nov. 1583

Undetermined

RV 1496: 31r, 32r

    17 Nov. 1584

Anna Freyin (E)3

RB 43: 250r–253v; HS 440: 339; ASB 210: 146v–148r; ASB 222: 128r; FS 16

    28 Aug. 1585

Undetermined

RV 1520: 39r–v; ASB 222:128r

    21 June 1586

Undetermined

HS 447: 1092

    15 Dec. 1586

Undetermined

HS 447: 1113; RV 1538: 2r

    19 April 1587

Undetermined

HS 48: 538

    18 Jan. 1588

Margaretha Hörnlein (E)

HS 440: 354; ASB 210: 303v–307v; ASB 226a: 57v; GNM HS: 43v; FS 24

    25 June 1588

Undetermined

RV 1557: 41r

    5 May 1590

Kunigunde Schedlin (E)

HS 447: 1142; ASB 211: 98r–100r; FS 28

    7 July 1590

Margaretha Schwambergerin (E)

HS 447: 1144; RB 43: 19–20; ASB 211: 108v–110v; FS28

    20 Jan. 1591

Undetermined

RV 1590: 44v, 51r

    2 April 1591

Elisabeth Rentzin (B)

RV 1593: Ir, 26r; Fl Nr 14: III: 1453

    6 July 1592

Dorothea Hoffmännin (F)

HS 447: 1155; FS 99

    6 Oct. 1593

Undetermined

RV 1625: 8r

    11 Nov. 1593

Anna Arnoldin (F)

RB 45: 437r–438v; FS, 101

    25 Feb. 1594

Appolonia Haasin (S)

RB 45: 331–335

    6 June 1594

Undetermined

RV 1594: 16r

    6 Sept. 1594

Undetermined

HS 447: 1180; RV 1637: 24r

    11 March 1595

Undetermined

RV 1644:9r

    14 Aug. 1595

Undetermined

RV 1650:lr

    15 March 1597

Veronika Kölerin (E)

RB 45: 198v–199v; HS 475: 140; ASB 213: 80v–81r; ASB 226a: 64v–65r; RV 1670: 37v, 39v, 40v, 44v, 46v, 53r; GNM HS 3857: 49v–50r; FS 44; StAN Fl/109: 70

    1 April 1597

Ottilia Demerin (S)

RB 45: 102–105; RV 1668: 36v, 41v, 1670: 25y 37r, 41 v, 46y 50r

    9 May 1598

Undetermined

RV 1684: 38r, 44r

    11 July 1598

Undetermined

RV 1687: 4v

    10 Sept. 1599

Undetermined

RV 1702: 23v

    10 Dec. 1599

Margarethe Seelin (S)

RV 1705: 22r, 25v

    26 Jan. 1600

Margaretha Teutschin (F)

FS 108

    13 April 1600

Ursula Märvin (S)

ASB 226a: 68v

    20 May 1600

Anna Kisslingen (F)

HS 440: 533; RB 44: 252ff.; FS 108

    5 Feb. 1601

Undetermined

RV 1721: 15r

    5 Sept. 1601

Undetermined

RV 1729: 9v

    12 April 1602

Undetermined

HS 447: 1282; Fl Nr 47: 810r

    28 April 1605

Undetermined

HS 50: 335v; HS 475: 22v; Fl Nr 14: 1598; Fl Nr47: 835r

    17 May 1606

Dorothea Meulin (E)

HS 50: 502; ASB 199:78v; ASB 216: 168v–176v; Fl Nr 14: 1612; FS, 65

    18 May 1606

Undetermined

HS 447: 1330; HS 475: 18v;Fl Nr 47: 841v

    26 June 1606

Susanna Reuthlin (E)

RB 46: 190ff.; HS 440: 417; HS 447: 1339; HS 475: 40v; ASB 216: 177r–191r; ASB 199: 89v; ASB 226: 40v–41r; 226a: 74r; Fl Nr 14: 1610; Fl Nr47: 841v–842r; GNM HS: 62r–62v, FS 65

    16 March 1607

Undetermined

Fl Nr47: 844v

    9 June 1607

Undetermined

HS 447: 1336; HS 475: 43r; Fl Nr 14: 1618

    4 Aug. 1607

Margaretha Marckhardtin (E)

HS 440: 418; HS 447: 1339; 216: 226v–230vASB 226: 31–32; 226a: 74r; Fl Nr47: 848r; GNM HS: 64r–v; FS 66

    8 Aug. 1609

Barbara Malerin (S)

ASB 200: 46v–47r

    2 Oct. 1609

Elisabeth Greiffin (S)

ASB 200: 66r

    4 Aug. 1610

Magdalena Fischerin (E)

HS 440: 420–421; HS 475: 32r; ASB 216: 289v–295v ASB 226: 40v–41r; ASB 226a: 75v; FS 69

    8 Sept. 1610

Undetermined

HS 447: 1366

    9 March 1611

Undetermined

HS 52: 294

    3 April 1611

Elisabeth Schusterin (S)

HS 52: 273; ASB 200: 228r–v

    6 July 1611

Magdalena Schottin (S)

HS 52: 337) ASB 200:441v–442r

    8 Feb. 1614

Anna Emblin (E)

ASB 223: 184v–185r; ASB 226: 61r; ASB 226a: 79r; Fl Nr 14: 1764; Fl Nr. 47: 934r; GNM HS: 88v–89r; FS 74

    4 March 1614

Undetermined

RV 1893: 62v

    2 Oct. 1614

Undetermined

RV 1902: 41v

    7 March 1615

Margaretha Lindnerin (E)

HS 475: 75v; AB218; AB 226: 68v–69r; ASB 226a: 81r; Fl Nr 14: 1778; Fl Nr 47: 939v; GNM HS: 97r–v; FS 77

    28 Aug. 1616

Undetermined

HS 447: 1482; RV 1927:13v

    13 Jun 1618

Undetermined

RV36v–37r

    13 Aug. 1618

Barbara Dallerin (E)

HS 475: 83v; ASB 218; ASB 226:

    30 Jan. 1619

Elisabeth Pöppin (S)

RV 1959: 52r, 63r

    4 Feb. 1619

Anna Dieppoltin (E)

HS 475: 83/Iv; ASB 219: 9v–18r; ASB 226: 84r–v; ASB 226a: 84r; RV 1958: 38r, 52r, 55r; Fl Nr 14: 1810; GNM HS:120v–121r

    22 Dec. 1619

Undetermined

HS 447: 1560

    12 Nov. 1620

Undetermined

HS 447: 1580

    7 Jan. 1621

Undetermined

HS 447: 1581

    8 Feb. 1621

ein magd (B)

HS 474: 270

    17 April 1621

Elisabeth Bräunin (E)

HS 447: 1587

    16 Jan. 1622

Ursula Fuchsin (E)

ASB 219: 161r–165r; MNG, 1: 691ff.

    14 March 1622

Margaretha Friedlin (E)

HS 447: 1704–1705

    27 March 1623

Anna Maria Hupffauffin (E)

HS 447:1709; ASB 219: 260r–266v; ASB 226: 101v–102r; ASB 226a: 86v; Fl Nr 14: 1856; Fl Nr 111: 15v; GNM HS: 129v

    9 Dec. 1624

Kunigunde Stammin (E)

HS 163: 154r; HS 475: 84r; ASB 219: 389r–393v; ASB 226: 101v–102r; ASB 226a: 167; Fl Nr 111: 16r; GNM HS: 130r

    25 Feb. 1625

Margaretha Ferchin (E)

ASB 219: 394r–396v; RV2040: 45v; MNG, 1: 696

    4 Feb. 1626

Undetermined

RV2052:36r–v

    22 Nov. 1626

Barbara Kellin (E)

HS 474: 293; ASB 220:136v–139r; ASB 226a: 87v; Fl Nr 14: 1884; Fl Nr47: 950v; Fl Nr 111: 17r

    29 Nov. 1627

Undetermined

RV 2076: 75r–v

    28 June 1639

Ursula Böhmin (E)

MNG, 1: 696

    16 March 1641

Margaretha Voglin (E)

HS475: 180v;ASB226: 120r–122r; ASB 226a: 91v–92r; RV2249: 16r–v, 24v, 45r; RV2250: 6r, 9r, 13r–v, 15r–v; Fl Nr 47: 974v–975r; Fl Nr 111: 23r–24r; GNM HS: 131r–v

    7 April 1641

Undetermined

RV2250: 78r

    20 April 1641

Undetermined

RV2250: 119v

    16 Oct. 1641

Magdalena Gemlin (E)

ASB 226: 122r; Fl Nr 111: 24r–25r; MNG, 1: 691

    8 March 1642

Barbara Wernauerin (E)

HS475: 186r;ASB226: 123v–125r; ASB 226a: 92r–v; StAN Fl Nr 111: 25r–v; GNM HS: 131v

    21 April 1642

Anna Teuflin (E)

HS 475: 186r; ASB 226: 125r– 126v ASB 226a: 92v; Fl Nr 111: 26r–v; GNM HS: 131v

    18 Sept. 1643

Undetermined

RV2282: 94r–v

    14 Dec. 1644

Undetermined

RV2299: 34r, 43r, 47r, 2307: 14r, 2308: 5v, 12v, 15r, 36r, 43v

    29 March 1645

Undetermined

RV2303: 5r

    2 June 1645

Undetermined

RV2305: 80v

    18 June 1645

Undetermined

RV2306: 51v, 57v

    22 Dec. 1645

Undetermined

RV2313: 19v–20r

    29 June 1646

Undetermined

RV2320: 12v–13r

    19 Oct. 1646

Undetermined

RV2324: 11V

    8 Jan. 1647

Kunigunde Riederin (E)

HS 475: 206v; ASB 226: 130r–131r; Fl Nr lll:28v–29r

    28 Feb. 1648

Undetermined

RV2342: 14v–15r, 37r

    31 May 1649

Undetermined

RV2359: 39r

    13 Nov. 1649

Catharina Mayrin (E)

ASB 226: 136r–137r; ASB 226a: 94v; Fl Nr 111: 31v–32r; GNM HS: 132r

    23 Nov. 1649

Undetermined

RV2365: 73v

    23 April 1650

Dorothea Geyrin (E)

ASB 226: 139v–140v; ASB 226a: 95r; RV 2370: 24v–25r, 49r–v, 2371:9v, 24r, 33r, 102v; GNM HS: 132r

    9 June 1653

Anna Gräfin (E)

HS 475: 249v; ASB 226: 141r–142v; ASB 226a: 95v; Fl Nr 47: 1076v

    17 April 1655

Undetermined

RV2438: 16v

    29 May 1655

Ursula Poppin (E)

HS 475: 259r; ASB 226: 145r–146v; ASB 226a: 96r–v; Fl Nr 47: 1055r; GNM HS: 132v

    14 April 1657

Undetermined

RV2464: 59r

    16 Jun 1657

Anna Lenningerin (E)

HS 475: 267r; ASB 226: 150r–151r; ASB 226a: 97r; GNM HS: 132v

    9 May 1658

Katharina Haasin (E)

ASB 226: 148v–149v; Fl Nr 47: 1095v; MNG, 1: 691

    9 Oct. 1661

Undetermined

RV2524: 15r–v

    22 Oct. 1663

Anna Seyfriedin (E)

HS 475: 293v; ASB 226: 165v–167v; ASB 226a: lOOr–v; RV 2550: 29r, 31r–v, 46r, 56v–57r, 85r, 2551: 20r–v, 23r–y 28v, 30r, 32r–v, 33r, 38r–y 43v–44r; Fl Nr47: 1125v–1126r; GNM HS: 133r

    31 Aug. 1665

Margarethe Götzin (E)

HS 475: 305r–v; ASB 226: 176v–178v; ASB 226a: 103v

    11 May 1666

Undetermined

HS 475: 308v; Fl Nr 47: 1140v; Fl Nr57

    30 July 1667

Undetermined

HS 475: 374r; Fl Nr47: 1147v; Fl Nr57

    2 Aug. 1667

Barbara Beerin (S)

RV2602: 3v–4v, lOv–llr, 41v–42r, 45r, 52v, 56v–57r; RV 2603: 7r–y 25v

    31 March 1668

Undetermined

HS 475: 378v; RV2611: 22r, 24r; Fl Nr 47: 1158v; Fl Nr 57

    29 Oct. 1668

Undetermined

Fl Nr47: 1156v; Fl Nr 57

    8 Dec. 1668

Margarethe Irnsingerin (E)

HS 475: 321r; ASB 226: 182v–184r; ASB226a: 104v; Fl Nr47: 1157r; GNM HS: 134r

    26 Jan. 1669

Margarethe Wolfflin (E)

HS 475: 323r; ASB 226: 184r–185v; ASB 226a: 105r–v; Fl Nr47: 115r–v; NM HS: 134r

    10 Sept. 1669

Undetermined

HS 475: 325r; RV2630: 32v; Fl Nr 47: 1161r; Fl Nr 57

    14 Oct. 1669

Barbara Kresslin (E)4

HS 475: 325v; ASB 226: 187r–189r; ASB 226a: 105v–106r; RV2631: 42r, RV2362: 7v, 26v

    15 Oct. 1669

Undetermined

HS 475: 325v; Fl Nr 57; Fl Nr 111: 57

    6 Nov. 1669

Agnes Dechmönnin (S)

RV2632: 7v, 26v

    16 April 1670

Undetermined

RV2638: 35r–v; Fl Nr 47: 1165v; Fl Nr57

    11 July 1670

Undetermined

HS 475: 331v; Fl Nr 57

    9 Aug. 1671

Undetermined

RV2655: 69r

    9 Jan. 1674

Undetermined

HS 475: 352r; Fl Nr 47: HOlv; Fl Nr57

    12 March 1674

Undetermined

HS 475: 352v; RV2690:9r, 38v; Fl Nr 47: 1102r; Fl Nr57

    6 April 1674

Undetermined

RV2691: 28r

    23 Feb. 1675

Margaretha Hofmönnin (E)

HS 475: 356v; ASB 226: 203r–204r; ASB226a: 108r–v; Fl Nr47: 1106r; GNM HS: 1351

    12 March 1675

Undetermined

HS 475: 357r; Fl Nr47: 1106r; Fl Nr57

1676–1806:5 130 dead babies reported; 66 infanticide suspects; 52 convictions;41 executed

        TOTAL

            305 dead babies reported (273 since 1549)

            160 infanticide suspects (145 since 1549)

            128 convictions (116 since 1549)

            102 executions (98 since 1549)

NOTES: The date given is the day of execution for those condemned; for all others the first mention of suspicion. Sources: A-Laden: Staatsarchiv Nü rnberg, 15a, Ratskanzlei, Differentialakten. ASB: Staatsarchiv Nürnberg, 52b, Amt und Standbücher. F1 Nr: Stadtarchiv Nürnberg. FS: Maister Franntz Schmidts Nachrichter in Nürmberg all sein Richten, ed. Albrecht Keller (1913; reprint: Neustadt a. d. Aisch: Ph. C. W. Schmidt, 1979). GNM: Germanisches Nationalmuseum. HS: Staatsarchiv Nurnberg, 52a, Handschriften. MNG: Johann Christian Siebenkees, ed., Materialien zur Nürnbergischen Geschichte, 4 vols. (Nuremberg: V. G. Schneiderische Kunst- und Buchhandlung, 1792–95). RB: Staatsarchiv Nürnberg, 51, Ratschlagbucher. RV: Staatsarchiv Nurnberg, 60a, Ratsverläβe.

(1) The victim was six weeks old.

(2) The victim was six years old.

(3) The victim was two years old.

(4) The victims were five and three years old.

5 After Karl Roetzer, “Die Delikte der Abtreibung, Kindstötung sowie Kindaussetzung und ihre Bestrafung in der Reichsstadt Nürnberg” (Ph.D. diss., Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen, 1957).

(p.306) (p.307) (p.308) (p.309) (p.310) (p.311)