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High-Stakes Schooling
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High-Stakes Schooling: What We Can Learn from Japan's Experiences with Testing, Accountability, and Education Reform

Christopher Bjork


Transforming Japanese Schools is the first qualitative study of educational reform in Japan produced in almost a decade. Focusing on a collection of reforms collectively known as relaxed education (yutori kyoiku), it scrutinizes recent efforts to reduce academic intensity in Japanese schools. These policiies have provoked intense debates in the country, yet are not well understood outside of Asia. The book moves debates about relaxed education from the halls of government offices to the campuses of six elementary and junior high schools, and pinpoints the specific factors that supported and ... More

Keywords: relaxed education, Japanese education, academic intensity, reform, ethnography, high stakes testing, academic pressure, education reform

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780226309385
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226309552.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Christopher Bjork, author
Vassar College