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The Changing Frontier
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The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy

Adam B. Jaffe and Benjamin F. Jones

Abstract

In 1945, Vannevar Bush published Science: The Endless Frontier and thereby established an intellectual architecture that has largely defined public science institutions and policy since. In this NBER volume, we take stock of the science and innovation environment today and consider two key questions: (1) what are critical dimensions of change in science and innovation systems since Vannevar Bush articulated his vision, and (2) what are the implications of these changes for policies and institutions in the years and decades ahead? The Changing Frontier has twelve chapters in four parts. Part I ... More

Keywords: science policy, innovation, Vannevar Bush, entrepreneurship, scientific research, economics of science, geography of innovation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780226286723
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226286860.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Adam B. Jaffe, editor

Benjamin F. Jones, editor

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Contents

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Introduction

Adam B. Jaffe and Benjamin F. Jones

I The Organization of Scientific Research

1 Why and Wherefore of Increased Scientific Collaboration

Richard B. Freeman, Ina Ganguli, and Raviv Murciano-Goroff

2 The (Changing) Knowledge Production Function

Annamaria Conti and Christopher C. Liu

3 Collaboration, Stars, and the Changing Organization of Science

Ajay Agrawal, John McHale, and Alexander Oettl

4 Credit History

Joshua S. Gans and Fiona Murray

II The Geography of Innovation

5 The Rise of International Coinvention

Lee Branstetter, Guangwei Li, and Francisco Veloso

6 Information Technology and the Distribution of Inventive Activity

Chris Forman, Avi Goldfarb, and Shane Greenstein

III Entrepreneurship and Market-Based Innovation

7 Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energy

Ramana Nanda, Ken Younge, and Lee Fleming

8 Economic Value Creation in Mobile Applications

Timothy F. Bresnahan, Jason P. Davis, and Pai-Ling Yin

9 State Science Policy Experiments

Maryann Feldman and Lauren Lanahan

IV Historical Perspectives on Science Institutions and Paradigms

10 The Endless Frontier

Paula Stephan

11 Algorithms and the Changing Frontier

Hezekiah Agwara, Philip Auerswald, and Brian Higginbotham