Chapter 4 explores the history of neuroimaging technologies and their eventual contribution to the legitimization of marginalized pain disorders. As a part of this analysis, this chapter explores the role of calibration-by-detour, a mode of cross-ontological calibration where marginalized ontologies are able to gain credibility through enlisting the support of previously legitimized practices and emergent ontologies. Furthermore, this chapter contributes to the development of a fully hybrid rhetorical-ontological inquiry by exploring the process of trope-shifting as a mode of calibration-by-detour. Through combining Latour’s actor-network analysis of enrollment and detour with a rhetorical theory of trope, this chapter documents the historical process whereby new imaging technologies were able to gain rapid acceptance through calibration-by-detour through prior technologies.
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