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Science and Engineering Careers in the United StatesAn Analysis of Markets and Employment$
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Richard B. Freeman and Daniel L. Goroff

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226261898

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226261904.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use (for details see www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 15 November 2018

Patterns of Male and Female Scientific Dissemination in Public and Private Science

Patterns of Male and Female Scientific Dissemination in Public and Private Science

(p.195) 6 Patterns of Male and Female Scientific Dissemination in Public and Private Science
Science and Engineering Careers in the United States

Kjersten Bunker Whittington

University of Chicago Press

Information on the patenting and publishing activity of scientists and engineers has long been an interest among scholars of science and technology. This chapter presents a two-part analysis to address patterns of men's and women's dissemination in patenting and publishing activities across sectors and disciplines. The first analysis uses log-linear modeling of a national sample of scientists and engineers to address the association between sex, discipline, employment sector, and involvement in scientific dissemination. The chapter tests the extent to which sex disparities in productivity are created and maintained by sorting mechanisms as well as through organizational settings after controlling for sex distributions. The second analysis explores the ways in which various organizational contexts may differentially influence men and women scientists. The chapter presents network visualizations of coinventor collaborations between life science inventors working in the academy, public research organizations, and biotechnology firms, and addresses how the structure of science within each sector may contribute to sex disparities in productivity.

Keywords:   sciences, engineering, United States, gender differences, patenting, publishing

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