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Science and Engineering Careers in the United StatesAn Analysis of Markets and Employment$
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Richard B. Freeman and Daniel L. Goroff

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226261898

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226261904.001.0001

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Internationalization of U.S. Doctorate Education

Internationalization of U.S. Doctorate Education

(p.59) 2 Internationalization of U.S. Doctorate Education
Science and Engineering Careers in the United States

John Bound

Sarah Turner

Patrick Walsh

University of Chicago Press

The representation of a large number of students born outside the United States among the ranks of PhD recipients from U.S. universities is one of the most significant transformations in the international market for higher education in the last quarter century. The primary objective of this chapter is to understand the factors affecting this growth. The pattern of flows into U.S. PhD programs both across countries and over time are explored. This chapter outlines the basic trends in PhD degree attainment and sets forth the institutional context of doctorate education in the United States. The differential cross-sectional representation of students by country at the graduate level in the United States is also explored. The determinants of the growth over time in foreign participation in U.S. doctorate study in the sciences and the analysis of the determinants of participation of U.S. students in graduate education in the sciences are also discussed in the chapter.

Keywords:   sciences, engineering, doctorate education, foreign participation, United States

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