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Science and Engineering Careers in the United StatesAn Analysis of Markets and Employment$
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Richard B. Freeman and Daniel L. Goroff

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226261898

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226261904.001.0001

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International Knowledge Flows

International Knowledge Flows

Evidence from an Inventor-Firm Matched Data Set

Chapter:
(p.321) 10 International Knowledge Flows
Source:
Science and Engineering Careers in the United States
Author(s):

Jinyoung Kim

Sangjoon John Lee

Gerald Marschke

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226261904.003.0011

This chapter uses U.S. patent records to examine the nature and extent of knowledge spillovers from outside the United States to U.S. industry. Because of their implications for economic development and science and technology policy, knowledge spillovers within a country or across borders have received considerable attention in the literature. The chapter examines whether international migration of researchers or the international location of subsidiaries by U.S. firms facilitates knowledge transfers across borders and details the construction of a researcher-based data set and then describes its use in an analysis of the influence of foreign R&D on U.S. innovation. The chapter finds evidence of growing allocative inefficiency in U.S. higher education.

Keywords:   sciences, engineering, United States, patent records, technology, policy making, migration, higher education

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