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Making "Nature"The History of a Scientific Journal$
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Melinda Baldwin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226261454

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226261591.001.0001

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Nature, the Cold War, and the Rise of the United States

Nature, the Cold War, and the Rise of the United States

Chapter:
(p.170) Chapter Seven Nature, the Cold War, and the Rise of the United States
Source:
Making "Nature"
Author(s):

Melinda Baldwin

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226261591.003.0007

This chapter looks at Nature’s international status in the 1960s and 1970s under the leadership of two transformative editors: John Maddox and David Davies. In 1966, Nature hired Maddox, a physicist and a former science correspondent for the Guardian, as the new editor of Nature. Maddox changed Nature’s format, its submission processes, and its news columns almost immediately. In 1973, following a contentious attempt to split Nature into three publications, Maddox was pushed out of the editorship. Davies, his replacement, introduced systematic peer review to all research articles and a wry sense of humor to Nature’s editorials. Under Maddox and Davies, Nature changed from a British publication to, as one staffer put it, “an international publication with a British accent.” However, during the Cold War Nature’s internationalism had a significant limitation: it did not extend to countries in the Soviet Bloc. Nature’s example illustrates the consequences Cold War publishing divides had for scientific work on both sides of the Berlin Wall.

Keywords:   Nature, John Maddox, David Davies, Cold War, scientific community

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