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Making "Nature"The History of a Scientific Journal$
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Melinda Baldwin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226261454

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226261591.001.0001

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Nature, the Cold War, and the Rise of the United States

Nature, the Cold War, and the Rise of the United States

(p.170) Chapter Seven Nature, the Cold War, and the Rise of the United States
Making "Nature"

Melinda Baldwin

University of Chicago Press

This chapter looks at Nature’s international status in the 1960s and 1970s under the leadership of two transformative editors: John Maddox and David Davies. In 1966, Nature hired Maddox, a physicist and a former science correspondent for the Guardian, as the new editor of Nature. Maddox changed Nature’s format, its submission processes, and its news columns almost immediately. In 1973, following a contentious attempt to split Nature into three publications, Maddox was pushed out of the editorship. Davies, his replacement, introduced systematic peer review to all research articles and a wry sense of humor to Nature’s editorials. Under Maddox and Davies, Nature changed from a British publication to, as one staffer put it, “an international publication with a British accent.” However, during the Cold War Nature’s internationalism had a significant limitation: it did not extend to countries in the Soviet Bloc. Nature’s example illustrates the consequences Cold War publishing divides had for scientific work on both sides of the Berlin Wall.

Keywords:   Nature, John Maddox, David Davies, Cold War, scientific community

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