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Making "Nature"The History of a Scientific Journal$
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Melinda Baldwin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226261454

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226261591.001.0001

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Defining the “Man of Science” in Nature

Defining the “Man of Science” in Nature

(p.74) Chapter Three Defining the “Man of Science” in Nature
Making "Nature"

Melinda Baldwin

University of Chicago Press

This chapter focuses on the identity of the “man of science” in Great Britain. British scientific workers used Nature to set forth their vision of the “man of science” as an individual who made original contributions to scientific knowledge and exhibited a devotion to scientific truth. In order to establish these standards, Nature’s contributors used the journal to identify outsiders who were attempting to comment on scientific matters and to explain why these writers were not qualified to participate in discussions about science, such as literary critics who attempted to critique scientific theories, and the anti-Darwinian politician George Douglas Campbell, the Duke of Argyll. Chapter 3 also introduces Richard Gregory, a science journalist who joined the Nature staff in 1893 after a brief stint as Norman Lockyer’s observatory assistant, and discusses the difficulties surrounding his assumption of the Editorship in 1919. Lockyer was concerned that Gregory might not be a suitable successor because he was not a Fellow of the Royal Society and was not a researcher. However, Gregory managed to create a niche for himself within this research-centric community by acting as a spokesman for their vision of science.

Keywords:   Nature, Duke of Argyll, Norman Lockyer, Richard Gregory, man of science

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