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Government & The American EconomyA New History$
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Price V. Fishback

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780226251271

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226251295.001.0001

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The Civil War and Reconstruction

The Civil War and Reconstruction

Chapter:
(p.188) 7 The Civil War and Reconstruction
Source:
Government & The American Economy
Author(s):

Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226251295.003.0007

Prior to the Civil War, the United States stood out as one of the few remaining world powers striving to uphold the ancient but waning institution of slavery. Now it had dramatically and decisively joined the cause of abolition. This chapter looks at the impact of the Civil War on the American economy, and the way the outcome of the war and Reconstruction established the strength of the federal government. It begins with a brief survey of how the relation between the U.S. economy and government was evolving in the antebellum years. It then examines slavery both as labor system and as cause of sectional strife. It also discusses the war's impact on government in four overlapping realms: military mobilization, public finance, civil liberties, and economic mobilization. It shows that the Union and the Confederacy, the two central states involved in the Civil War, were in most respects mirror images, with a few intriguing variations on a theme. Finally, the chapter takes up the war's legacy as it played out in the South under Reconstruction and in the nation overall.

Keywords:   Civil War, United States, Reconstruction, Union, Confederacy, military mobilization, public finance, civil liberties, government, economy

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