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Government & The American EconomyA New History$
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Price V. Fishback

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780226251271

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226251295.001.0001

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Government in Colonial America

Government in Colonial America

(p.37) 2 Government in Colonial America
Government & The American Economy

Stanley L. Engerman

University of Chicago Press

The settlement of colonial America entailed the movement of people from elsewhere into areas previously resided in by Indians. It required the attraction of free immigrants, mainly from the British Isles, and the acquisition of slaves from Africa, as well as the need to control those already there, or, at least, to work out mutually satisfactory arrangements for coexistence. This chapter shows how the various colonial governments developed in response to their environments and documents the different features of government that were retained and discarded as British rule gave way to the United States. It first looks at early European settlement of the New World and then considers colonial organization in the settlement of North America. It also describes the structure of colonial government, focusing on geography's impact on demographic and economic structures. It concludes by discussing important colonial government policies and the colonial legacy.

Keywords:   colonial government, geography, settlement, government policies, colonies, United States, New World, North America, immigrants

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