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War, Peace, and Prosperity in the Name of GodThe Ottoman Role in Europe's Socioeconomic Evolution$
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Murat Iyigun

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226388434

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226232287.001.0001

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A Conceptual Framework

A Conceptual Framework

Chapter:
(p.61) Four A Conceptual Framework
Source:
War, Peace, and Prosperity in the Name of God
Author(s):

Murat Iyigun

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226232287.003.0004

Chapter 4 introduces a simple conceptual framework which emphasizes the role of cultural affiliation – in particular, that of religious affinity – in cooperation and conflict. The framework examines the conditions under which external threats encourage within-group cooperation instead of intensify existing domestic conflicts. It specifically shows that, for religious affinity to foster cooperation among parties that could otherwise be in conflict with one another, resources at stake need to be meaningful and outside external threats need to be credible and grave enough. And given how religion comes into play, the likelihood that an outside threat would be viewed as “grave” would be that much higher when the threat comes from those who subscribe to a different religion.

Keywords:   production, conflict, conquest, religion, theory

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