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Serengeti IVSustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system$
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Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Kristine L. Metzger, Simon A. R. Mduma, and John M. Fryxell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226195834

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.001.0001

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Transitions in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Transitions in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area

The Story of Land Use, Human Well-Being, and Conservation

Chapter:
(p.482) (p.483) Seventeen Transitions in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Source:
Serengeti IV
Author(s):

Kathleen A. Galvin

Randall B. Boone

J. Terrence McCabe

Ann L. Magennis

Tyler A. Beeton

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.003.0017

The NCA is distinctive to all of the country’s other protected areas as they are designated as Game Reserves, Wildlife Management Areas, Forest Reserves or National Parks. The NCA is currently governed by the Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA) under the auspices of the Wildlife Division for the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT). Pressures that affect other pastoral regions such as land fragmentation, privatization, diversification and intensification of income-related activities are not common in the NCA. Rather, a complex history of conservation policies in conjunction with human population dynamics, food insecurity, disease interactions and land use changes through time informs our understanding of the current conditions of the NCA. We explore components of this system with an emphasis on human population changes, food security, wildlife-livestock dynamics and land use changes within the context of conservation policy. These factors account, in large part, for the current state of conservation and human wellbeing in the NCA. The chapter is a synthesis of scholarly literature while also providing primary data on human health and on cultivation.

Keywords:   NCA, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, land use, human population, conservation, tourism

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