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Neither Donkey nor HorseMedicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity$
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Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226169880

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.001.0001

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Visualizing Health Care in 1930s Shanghai

Visualizing Health Care in 1930s Shanghai

(p.121) 6 Visualizing Health Care in 1930s Shanghai
Neither Donkey nor Horse

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

University of Chicago Press

Instead of treating “Chinese medicine” and “Western medicine” as well-established distinct groups, Chapter 6 argues that these two styles of medicine took shape only gradually as they competed with each other vis-a-vis the state. To support this argument, this chapter explores a fascinating diagram of the healthcare landscape in 1930’s Shanghai that was created in 1933 by Pang Jingzhou, a vocal critic of Chinese medicine. By way of discussing more than forty items listed in this diagram, Chapter 6 shows both the remarkable heterogeneity within these two styles of medicine, and the complicated inter-group dynamics among them. As this diagram includes folk medicine and religious practices, it furthermore shows how modern Chinese medicine purged itself of these healthcare practices and thereby re-emerged as a national entity from this historic confrontation.

Keywords:   Pang Jingzhou, Ding Ganren, Shanghai, Institute of National Medicine, acupuncture, school of Chinese medicine, religion, Neo-Confucian Medicine, Western medicine in China

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