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Neither Donkey nor HorseMedicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity$
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Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226169880

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.001.0001

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Connecting Medicine with the State:

Connecting Medicine with the State:

From Missionary Medicine to Public Health, 1860–1928

Chapter:
(p.45) 3 Connecting Medicine with the State
Source:
Neither Donkey nor Horse
Author(s):

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.003.0003

Chapter 3 explores how the Chinese state, unconcerned with medical matters until the outbreak of the Manchurian plague, metamorphosed in only twenty-five years into a government that built a Ministry of Heath in 1927. The answer is related to the fact that what represented Western medicine in China shifted radically from foreign medical missionaries and their surgical practice to the Chinese practitioners of Western medicine and their public health measures. In an attempt to connect Western medicine with the state, the advocates of Western medicine made the construction of public health an integral part of the Nationalist’s state-building efforts. As a result of their efforts and the crucial support thereof by John B. Grant, the Rockefeller Foundation changed it policy from not involving itself with China’s public health construction (1914) to becoming the driving force for establishing China’s first Ministry of Health.

Keywords:   missionary medicine, China Medical Board, John B. Grant, public health, Rockefeller Foundation, National Medical Association of China, Ministry of Health, state

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