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Friends DisappearThe Battle for Racial Equality in Evanston$
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Mary Barr

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226156323

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226156637.001.0001

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Bringing the Movement Home

Bringing the Movement Home

(p.164) Five Bringing the Movement Home
Friends Disappear

Mary Barr

University of Chicago Press

Restrictive covenants and deeds specifying that only whites could own or occupy a residence proved to be an effective and peaceful way of shaping the social geography. Zoning laws prohibited the construction of apartment buildings and kept renters out. The real estate industry supported by widespread acts of prejudice and discrimination sold lakefront property to whites and steered blacks west to an area marked by train tracks and a sanitary canal. Chapter 5 examines residential segregation and the fair housing movement to end it. In 1965 the North Shore Summer Project recruited student volunteers to register white homeowners willing to sell in an open market and assist blacks looking to purchase or rent. Meanwhile the city council was given the nearly impossible job of crafting a fair housing ordinance that would also be acceptable to blacks, liberal whites, conservative property owners, and real estate agents all of whom claimed that their individual rights and freedoms were being compromised. A pervasive lack of low-cost, affordable housing perpetuated a racialized east-west divide.

Keywords:   open housing, Fair Housing, Northern civil rights movement, North Shore Summer Project, Evanston, Illinois

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